To Cite This Work
Short Writings: I. Table of Contents
The Aeolic Component of Homeric Diction
Building a model for an Aeolic phase of Homeric diction
Aeolicisms in Homeric diction
An Ionic phase of Homeric diction
Distinguishing earlier and later Ionic phases in the evolution of Homeric diction
Homeric diction as an operative system during the entire extent of its Ionic phase
A model of formulaic “borrowing” from Aeolic into Ionic
The principle of an Aeolic default in Homeric diction
A readjustment of the model of formulaic “borrowing”
A morphophonemic rule of Homeric diction
Reviewing the basics of quantitative metathesis in Homeric diction
Applying the concept of “Sprachbund”
A distinction between obligatory and optional Aeolicisms in Homeric diction
An early historical context for Aeolic-Ionic Sprachbund
Another early historical context for Aeolic-Ionic Sprachbund
Lyric and epic in contact
A cognate relationship linking lyric and epic
Examples of linking the cognate structures of lyric and epic within the framework of an Aeolic-Ionic Sprachbund
The historical context for the Aeolic-Ionic Sprachbund of lyric and epic
Conclusions about Aeolic-Ionic Sprachbund in Asia Minor
From Aeolic Asia Minor to Aeolic Europe and back
A debate about the concept of an Aeolic proto-dialect
The Aeolian migration
A criterion for determining whether the dialects of Lesbos, Thessaly, and Boeotia are related
Evidence for distinctly Aeolic forms in Homeric diction
A Thessalian connection in the evolution of Homeric poetry
The mythology of Homer the Aeolian
One last look at the Aeolic default
μηρούς τ’ ἐξέταμον κατά τε κνίσσῃ ἐκάλυψαν,
δίπτυχα ποιήσαντες, ἐπ’ αὐτῶν δ’ ὠμοθέτησαν.
λεῖβε· νέοι δὲ παρ’ αὐτὸν ἔχον πεμπώβολα χερσίν.
Then they cut out the thigh-bones and covered them with fat,
with one fold on the top and the other fold on the bottom, and they put pieces of raw meat on top.
pour over them, while the young men were getting ready for him the five-pronged forks that they were holding in their hands.
In highlighting the form πεμπώβολα ‘having five prongs’, the narrator of the “pseudo-Herodotean” Life of Homer is making the point that Homer defaults to Aeolic usage when he speaks about customs that are most familiar to him, as in the case of the Aeolian custom of using five-prong forks rather than three-prong forks for roasting sacrificial meat at an animal sacrifice. This cultural detail about an Aeolian custom is a fitting symbol of the linguistic process that I have been describing as the Aeolic default, where Homeric diction defaults to an Aeolic form in the absence of a corresponding Ionic form. It is this linguistic process that generates the Aeolic component of Homeric diction.