Adema, S. M. 2008. Discourse Modes and Bases: A Study of the Use of Tenses in Vergil’s Aeneid. Amsterdam.
Adrados, F. R. 1975. Lingüística indoeuropea. Madrid.
———. 1992. Nueva sintaxis del griego antiguo. Madrid.
Ahl, F., and Roisman, H. 1996. The Odyssey Re-Formed. Ithaca.
Aijmer, K. 2002. English Discourse Particles: Evidence From a Corpus. Amsterdam.
Aijmer, K., Foolen, A., Simon-Vandenbergen, A.-M. 2006. “Pragmatic Markers in Translation: A Methodological Proposal.” In Approaches to Discourse Particles, ed. K. Fischer, 101–114. Amsterdam.
Allan, R. J. 2007. “Sense and Sentence Complexity: Sentence Structure, Sentence Connection and Tense-Aspect as Indicators of Narrative Mode in Thukydides’ Histories.” In The Language of Literature: Linguistic Approaches to Classical Texts, ed. J. Rutger and M. Buijs Allan, 93–121. Leiden.
———. 2009. “Towards a Typology of the Narrative Modes in Ancient Greek Text Types and Narrative Structure in the Messenger Speeches of Euripides.” In Discourse Cohesion in Ancient Greek, ed. S. Bakker and G. Wakker, 171–204 Leiden.
Allan, R. J., and Buijs, M., eds. 2007. The Language of Literature: Linguistic Approaches to Classical Texts. Leiden.
Aloni, A. 1997. Saffo. Frammenti. Florence.
———. 2010. “Esiodo a simposio: La performance delle Opere e Giorni.” In Tra panellenismo e tradizioni locali: generi poetici e storiografia, ed. E. Cingano, 115–150. Alessandria.
Anscombre, J.-C. 1984. “La représentation de la notion de cause dans la langue.” Cahiers de grammaire 8:1–53.
Anscombre, J.-C., and Ducrot, O. 1983. L’argumentation dans la langue: Philosophie et langage. Brussels.
Antonaccio, C. M. 1995. An Archaeology of Ancestors: Tomb Cult and Hero Cult in Early Greece. Lanham.
Ariel, M. 1990. Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents. London.
———. 1994. “Interpreting Anaphoric Expressions: A Cognitive Versus a Pragmatic Approach.” Linguistics 30:3–42.
Austen, J. 1811. Sense and sensibility.
Austin, J. L. 1962. How To Do Things With Words. Cambridge, MA.
Austin, N. 1972. “Name Magic in the Odyssey.” California Studies in Classical Antiquity 5:1–19.
———. 1975. Archery at the Dark of the Moon: Poetic Problems in Homer’s Odyssey. Berkeley.
Autenrieth, G. 1958. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, Based upon the German of Georg Autenrieth. Norman.
Bailly, A., Séchan, L., Chantraine, P. and Egger, E. 2000. Dictionnaire grec français. 27th ed. Paris.
Baker, C. L. 1995. “Contrast, Discourse Prominence, and Intensification, with Special Reference to Locally Free Reflexives in British English.” Language 71:63–101.
Bakhtin, M. M. 1984. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Minneapolis.
———. 1981. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Austin.
Bakker, E. J. 1988. Linguistics and Formulas in Homer: Scalarity and the Description of the Particle per. Amsterdam.
———. 1993a. “Boundaries, Topics, and the Structure of Discourse: An Investigation of the Ancient Greek Particle DÉ.” Studies in Language 17:275–311.
———. 1993b. “Activation and Preservation: The Interdependence of Text and Performance in an Oral Tradition.” Oral Tradition 8:5–20.
———. 1993c. “Discourse and Performance: Involvement, Visualization, and ‘Presence’ in Homeric Poetry.” Classical Antiquity 12:1–29.
———, ed. 1997a. Grammar as Interpretation: Greek Literature in its Linguistic Contexts. Leiden.
———. 1997b. Poetry in Speech: Orality and Homeric Discourse. Ithaca.
———. 1997c. “Storytelling in the Future: Truth, Time, and Tense in Homeric Poetry.” In Written Voices, Spoken Signs: Tradition, Performance, and the Epic Text, ed. A. Kahane and E. J. Bakker, 11–36. Cambridge, MA.
———. 1999. “Homeric ΟΥΤΟΣ and the Poetics of Deixis.” Classical Philology 94:1–19.
———. 2001. “The Greek Gilgamesh, or the Immortality of Return.” In Eranos: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on the Odyssey (2–7 September 2000), ed. M. Païsi Apostolopoulou, 331–353. Ithaca, Greece.
———. 2002. “Remembering the God’s Arrival.” Arethusa 35:63–81.
———. 2005. Pointing at the Past: From Formula to Performance in Homeric Poetics. Washington, DC.
———. 2006a. “The Syntax of historiē: How Herodotus Writes.” In The Cambridge Companion to Herodotus, ed. C. Dewald and J. Marincola, 92–102. Cambridge.
———. 2006b. “Homeric Epic Between Feasting and Fasting.” In La poésie épique grecque: Métamorphoses d’un genre littéraire, ed. F. Montanari, E. J. Bakker, and A. Rengakos, 1–39. Vandœuvres.
———. 2008. “From the Past Into the Future: A Cognitive Account of ‘Tense’ in Greek.” Paper delivered at the conference “Cognitive Classics.” London.
Bara, B. G. 1999. Pragmatica cognitiva: I processi mentali della comunicazione. Turin.
Barrett, A. A. 1972. “P. Oxy. 2359 and Stesichorus’ ΣΥΟΘΗΡΑΙ.” Classical Philology 67:117–119.
Bassett, S. E. 1919. “On Odyssey xiv 138–147.” Classical Journal 14:385–386.
———. 1923. “The Proems of the Iliad and the Odyssey.” American Journal of Philology 44:339–348.
Bateson, G. 1972. “A Theory of Play and Fantasy.” In Steps to an Ecology of Mind, ed. G. Bateson, 177–193. Aylesbury.
Bauman, R. 1977. Verbal Art as Performance. Prospect Heights.
Baumann, H. 1993. The Greek Plant World in Myth, Art and Literature. Portland.
Bäumlein, W. 1861. Untersuchungen über griechische Partikeln. Stuttgart.
Bazzanella, C. 1995. “I segnali discorsivi.” In Grande grammatica italiana di consultazione, ed. G. Salvi, L. Renzi, and A. Cardinaletti, 225–257. Bologna.
———. 2004. “Emotions, Language, and Context.” In Emotion in Dialogic Interaction, ed. E. Weigand, 55–72. Amsterdam.
———. 2006. “Discourse Markers in Italian: Towards a ‘Compositional’ Meaning.” In Approaches to Discourse Particles, ed. K. Fischer, 449–464. Amsterdam.
———. 2008. Linguistica e pragmatica del linguaggio: Un’introduzione. 2nd ed. Bari.
Bechtel, F. 1914. Lexilogus zu Homer: Etymologie und Stammbildung homerischer Wörter. Halle a. d. S.
Beck, D. 2005. Homeric Conversation. Washington, DC.
Benton, S. 1934–1935. “Excavations in Ithaca, III: The Cave at Polis, I.” The British School at Athens 35:45–73.
———. 1936. “A Votive Offering to Odysseus.” Antiquity 10:350.
———. 1938–1939. “Excavations in Ithaca, III: The Cave at Polis, II.” The British School at Athens 39:1–51.
Benveniste, É. 1966–1974. Problèmes de linguistique générale. 2 vols. Paris.
Benveniste, É., and Lallot, J. 1969. Le vocabulaire des institutions indo-européennes: Le sens commun. Paris.
Bérard, C. 1970. Eretria III: L’Hérôon à la porte de l’ouest. Bern.
Bergquist, B. 1998. “Feasting of Worshippers or Temple and Sacrifice? The Case of Herakleion on Thasos.” In Ancient Greek Cult Practice from the Archaeological Evidence: Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on Ancient Greek Cult, 22–24 October 1993, ed. R. Hägg, 57–72. Stockholm.
Bershadsky, N. Forthcoming. “A Picnic, a Tomb and a Crow: Hesiod’s Cult in the Works and Days.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 106.
Bertocchi, A. 2000. “Ipse as an intensifier.” In Papers on Grammar V, ed. G. Calboli, 15–30. Bologna.
Bezuidenhout, A. 2004. “Procedural Meaning and the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface.” In The Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction, ed. C. Bianchi, 101–131. Stanford.
Bierl, A. 2001. Der Chor in der alten Komödie: Ritual und Performativität; Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Aristophanes’ Thesmophoriazusen und der Phalloslieder fr. 851 PMG. Munich.
———. 2004. “‘Turn on the light!’ Epiphany, the God-Like Hero Odysseus, and the Golden Lamp of Athena in Homer’s Odyssey (Especially 19.1–43).” Illinois Classical Studies 29:43–62.
Biraud, M. 1990. “Étude sémantique du determinant d’ipséité AUTOS.” Lalies 9:95–98.
Blakemore, D. 1987. Semantic Constraints on Relevance. Oxford.
———. 2002. Relevance and Linguistic Meaning: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Discourse Markers. Cambridge.
Bloch, A. 1955. “Was bedeutet das ‘epische’ τε?” Museum Helveticum 12:145–153.
Block, E. 1982. “The Narrator Speaks: Apostrophe in Homer and Vergil.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 112:7–22.
———. 1986. “Narrative Judgment and Audience Response in Homer and Virgil.” Arethusa 19:155–169.
Bloomfield, L. 1962. The Menomini Language. New Haven.
Blundell, S. 2006. “Beneath their Shining Feet: Shoes and Sandals in Classical Greece.” In Shoes: A History from Sandals to Sneakers, ed. Giorgio Riello and Peter McNeil, 30–49. Oxford.
Boegehold, A. L. 1999. When a Gesture Was Expected: A Selection of Examples from Archaic and Classical Greek Literature. Princeton.
Boisacq, É. 1907–1916. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque, étudiée dans ses rapports avec les autres langues indo-européennes. Heidelberg.
Bolkestein, A. M. 2000. “Discourse Organization and Anaphora in Latin.” In Textual parameters in Older Languages, ed. P. van Reneen, S. C. Herring, L. Schøsler, 107–137. Amsterdam.
Bolkestein, A. M., and van de Grift, M. 1994. “Participant Tracking in Latin Discourse.” In Linguistic Studies on Latin: Selected papers from the 6th International Colloquium on Latin Linguistics (Budapest, 23–27 March 1991), ed. J. Herman, 283–302. Amsterdam.
Bonifazi, A. 2001. Mescolare un cratere di canti: Pragmatica della poesia epinicia in Pindaro. Alessandria.
———. 2004a. “Communication in Pindar’s Deictic Acts.” Arethusa 37:391–414.
———. 2004b. “KEINOΣ in Pindar: Between Grammar and Poetic Intention.” Classical Philology 99:283–299.
———. 2004c. “Relative Pronouns and Memory: Pindar Beyond Syntax.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 102:41–68.
———. 2008a. “Memory and Visualization in Homeric Discourse Markers.” In Orality, Literacy, Memory in the Ancient Greek and Roman World, ed. E. A. Mackay, 35–64. Leiden.
———. 2008b. “Early Greek Explorations Across the Mediterranean and the Semantics of Nostos in Homer.” In Papers on Ancient Literatures: Greece, Rome, and the Near East, ed. E. Cingano and L. Milano, 105–133. Padua.
———. 2009a. “The Pragmatic Meanings of Some Discourse Markers in Homer.” In Pragmatische Kategorien: Form, Funktion und Diachronie; Akten der Arbeitstagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft von 24. Bis 26. September 2007 in Marburg, ed. E. Rieken and P. Widmer, 29–36. Wiesbaden.
———. 2009b. “Discourse Cohesion Through Third Person Pronouns: The Case of κεῖνος and αὐτός in Homer.” In Discourse Cohesion in Ancient Greek, ed. S. Bakker and G. Wakker, 1–19. Leiden.
———. 2009c. “Inquiring into nostos and Cognates.” American Journal of Philology 130:481–510.
Bonnafé, A. 1984. “Eumée divin porcher et meneur d’hommes.” Bulletin de l’Association Guillaume Budé 2:180–194.
Bonnechere, P. 2007. “The Place of the Sacred Grove (Alsos) in the Mantic Rituals of Greece: The Example of the Alsos of Trophonios at Lebadeia (Boeotia).” In Sacred Gardens and Landscapes: Ritual and Agency, ed. M. Conan, 17–41. Washington, DC.
Borochovsky Bar-Aba, E. 2003. “Punctuation Marks: Procedural and Conceptual Uses.” Journal of Pragmatics 35:1031–1048.
Bosch, P. 1983. Agreement and Anaphora: A Study of the Role Of Pronouns in Syntax and Discourse. London.
Bouvier, D. 2002. “Présence ou absence d’armes dans les tombes héroïques.” In Omero tremila anni dopo, ed. F. Montanari and P. Acheri, 535–545. Rome.
Bravo, J. 2004. “Heroic Epiphanies: Narrative, Visual, and Cultic Contexts,” Illinois Classical Studies 29:63–84.
Brelich, A. 1958. Gli eroi greci: Un problema storico-religioso. Rome.
Bremmer, J. 2000. “Scapegoat Rituals in Ancient Greece.” In Oxford Readings in Greek Religion, ed. R. Buxton, 271–293. Oxford.
Brinton, L. J. 1996. Pragmatic Markers in English: Grammaticalization and Discourse Functions. Berlin.
Brown, G., and Yule, G. 1983. Discourse Analysis. Cambridge.
Brown, H. P. 2006. “Addressing Agamemnon: A Pilot Study of Politeness and Pragmatics in the Iliad.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 136:1–46.
Brown, P., and Levinson, S. C. 1987. Politeness: some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge and New York.
Brownson, L. 1968. Xenophon. Anabasis. London.
Brugmann, K. 1904. Die Demonstrativpronomina der indogermanischen Sprachen: Eine bedeutungsgeschichtliche Untersuchung. Leipzig.
Brunius-Nilsson, E. 1955. Daimonie: An Inquiry into a Mode of Apostrophe in Old Greek Literature. Uppsala.
Büchner, W. 1940. “Die Penelopeszenen in der Odyssee.” Hermes 75:137–146.
Bühler, K. 1965. Sprachtheorie: Die Darstellungsfunktion der Sprache. 2nd ed. Stuttgart.
Burkert, W. 1983. Homo necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth. Berkeley.
———. 1985. Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical. Oxford.
Burkhardt, P. 2002. “Logophors: Looking Outside of Syntax; Evidence from Real-Time Sentence Comprehension.” In Proceedings of Console IX, ed. E. Thrift, M. van Koppen, E. J. van der Torre, and M. Zimmermann.
Byron, D. K., and Heeman, P. A. 1997. “Discourse Marker Use in Task-Oriented Spoken Dialog.” In Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology.
Calame, C. 1983. Alcman. Rome.
———. 1986. Le récit en Grèce ancienne: Énonciations et représentations de poètes. Paris.
———. 1997. “L’Hymne homérique à Déméter comme offrande: Regard rétrospectif sur quelques catégories de l’anthropologie de la religion grecque.” Kernos 10:111–133.
———. 1998. “Mort héroïque et culte à mystère dans l’Œdipe à Colone de Sophocle.” In Ansichten griechischer Rituale, ed. F. Graf, 326–356. Stuttgart.
———. 2004. “Deictic Ambiguity and Auto-Referentiality: Some Examples from Greek Poetics.” Arethusa 37:415–443.
———. 2006. Pratiques poétiques de la mémoire. Paris.
———. 2007. “Gardens of Love and Meadows of the Beyond: Ritual Encounters with the Gods and Poetical Performances in Ancient Greece.” In Sacred Gardens and Landscapes: Ritual and Agency, ed. M. Conan, 43–54. Washington, DC.
Carlisle, M. 1999. “Homeric Fictions: Pseudo-Words in Homer.” In Nine Essays on Homer, ed. M. Carlisle and O. Levaniouk, 55–91. Lanham.
Carson, A. 1986. Eros the Bittersweet: An Essay. Princeton.
Carston, R. 2002. Thoughts and Utterances: The Pragmatics of Explicit Communication. Malden, MA.
Chafe, W. L. 1974. “Language and Consciousness.” Language 50:111–133.
———. 1994. Discourse, Consciousness, and Time: The Flow and Displacement of Conscious Experience in Speaking and Writing. Chicago.
Chantraine, P. 1942–1953. Grammaire homérique. Paris.
———. 1999. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque: Histoire des mots. Paris.
Chomsky, N. 1981. Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht.
Clancy, P. M. 1980. “Referential Choice in English and Japanese Narrative Discourse.” In The Pear Stories: Advances in Discourse Processes, ed. W. L. Chafe, 127–202. Norwood, NJ.
Clark, H. H. 1996. Using Language. Cambridge.
Clark, H. H., and Gerrig, R. J. 1984. “On the Pretense Theory of Irony.” Journal of Experimental Psychology 113:121–126.
Clark, M. 1997. Out of Line: Homeric Composition Beyond the Hexameter. Lanham.
Clay, J. Strauss, 1983. The Wrath of Athena: Gods and Men in The Odyssey. Princeton.
Clements, G. N. 1975. “The Logophoric Pronoun in Ewe: Its Role in Discourse.” The Journal of West African Languages 10:141–177.
Cohen, E. 2007. “Discourse Markers: Cotext and Context Sensitivity.” In Proceedings of the Israeli Linguistic Society 16, v–xxiii.
Coldstream, J. N. 1976. “Hero-Cults in the Age of Homer.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:8–17.
———. 1977. Geometric Greece. London.
Coleridge, S. T. 1907 [1817]. Biographia Literaria, London.
Collinge, N. E. 1988. “Thoughts on the Pragmatics of Ancient Greek.” Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 214:1–13.
Collins, C. 1991. The Poetics of the Mind’s Eye: Literature and the Psychology of Imagination. Philadelphia.
Comrie, B. 1999. “Reference-Tracking: Description and Explanation.” Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 51:335–346.
Conte, M.-E. 1999. Condizioni di coerenza: Ricerche di linguistica testuale. Alessandria.
Cook, E. F. 1995. The Odyssey in Athens: Myths of Cultural Origins. Ithaca.
Cornish, F. 1999. Anaphora, Discourse, and Understanding: Evidence from English and French. Oxford.
———. 2002. “Anaphora: Lexico-Textual Structure, or Means for Utterance Integration Within a Discourse? A Critique of the Functional-Grammar Account.” Linguistics 40:469–493.
———. 2005. “Degrees of Indirectness: Two Types of Implicit Referents and their Retrieval via Unaccented Pronouns.” In Anaphora Processing: Linguistic, Cognitive and Computational Modelling, ed. T. McEnery, R. Mitkov, and A. Branco, 199–220. Amsterdam.
Coulson, W. D. E. 1991. “The ‘Protogeometric’ from Polis Reconsidered.” The British School at Athens 86:43–64.
Crusius, G. C. 1844. A Complete Greek and English Lexicon of the Poems of Homer and the Homeridae. Hartford.
Culy, C. 1997. “Logophoric Pronouns and Point of View.” Linguistics 35:845–860.
Currie, B. 2005. Pindar and the Cult of Heroes. Oxford.
D’Alessio, G. 1994. “First-Person Problems in Pindar,” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 39:117–139.
Daneš, F. 1990. “On the Stylistic Relevance of the Choice of Anaphoric Expressions.” Rivista di linguistica 2:121–139.
Davies, E. 1979. On the Semantics of Syntax: Mood and Condition in English. London and Atlantic Highlands, NJ.
Dawe, R. D. 1993. Homer. The Odyssey: Translation and Analysis. Lewes.
Dekker, A. F. 1965. Ironie in de Odyssee. Leiden.
Denniston, J. D. 1996 [1954]. The Greek Particles. 2nd ed. London.
Dickey, E. 1996. Greek Forms of Address: From Herodotus to Lucian. Oxford.
Diessel, H. 1999. Demonstratives: Form, Function, and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam.
Dietrich, B. C. 1973. “A Religious Function of the Megaron.” Rivista Storica dell’Antichità 3:1–12.
van Dijk, T. 1979. “Pragmatic Connectives.” Journal of Pragmatics 3:447–456.
Dik, H. 1995. Word Order in Ancient Greek: A Pragmatic Account of Word Order Variation in Herodotus. Amsterdam.
———. 2007. Word Order in Greek Tragic Dialogue. Oxford.
Dik, S. C. 1989. The Theory of Functional Grammar. Dordrecht.
Dimock, J. R. 1956. “The Name of Odysseus.” Hudson Review 9:52–70.
Dindorf, W. 1962 [1855]. Scholia Graeca in Homeri Odysseam ex codicibus aucta et emendata. Amsterdam.
Döderlein, L. 1850–1858. Homerisches Glossarium. 3 vols. Erlangen.
Duckworth, G. E. 1933. Foreshadowing and Suspense in the Epics of Homer, Apollonius, and Vergil, Princeton.
Ducrot, O. 1984a. “Polyphonie.” Lalies 4:3–30.
———. 1984b. Le dire et le dit: Propositions. Paris.
Ducrot, O., and Todorov, T. 1972. Dictionnaire encyclopédique des sciences du langage. Paris.
Dué, C. 2006. The Captive Woman’s Lament in Greek Tragedy. Austin.
Duhoux, Y. 1997. “Grec écrit et grec parlé: Une étude contrastive des particules aux Ve–IVe siècles.” In Rijksbaron 1997, 15–48.
Dunbar, R. W. 1985. “Context and Syntax: The Effect of Discourse Pragmatics on Clause Structure in German.” In Beyond the Sentence, ed. J. R. Wirth, 21–31. Ann Arbor.
Dunkel, G. E. 1988. “Indogermanisch *át, Vedisch átha.” Historische Sprachforschung 101:53–78.
———. 1997. “Conjunctive u and Invariable sá in the Rigveda: Questions of Method (With a Note on Greek Dialectal ὄνυ and ὄνε).” Indogermanische Forschungen 102:156–178.
Düntzer, H. 1872. Homerische Abhandlungen. Leipzig.
Durán López, M. 2000. “Las partículas griegas y las funciones de comunicación,” Revista española de lingüística 30:45–76.
Ebbott, M. 1999. “The Wrath of Helen: Self-Blame and Nemesis in the Iliad.” In Nine Essays on Homer, ed. M. Carlisle and O. Levaniouk, 3–20. Lanham.
Ebeling, H. 1885. Lexicon homericum. Leipzig.
Edmunds, L. 2008. “Deixis in Ancient Greek and Latin Literature: Historical Introduction and State of the Question.” Philologia Antiqua: An International Journal of Classics 1:67–98.
Edmunds, S. T. 1990. Homeric nēpios. New York.
Edwards, M. W. 2002. Sound, Sense, and Rhythm: Listening to Greek and Latin Poetry. Princeton.
Ekroth, G. 2002. The Sacrificial Rituals of Greek Hero-Cults in the Archaic to the Early Hellenistic Periods. Liége.
Elmer, D. F. 2009. “Presentation Formulas in South Slavic Epic Song.” Oral Tradition 24.1:41–59.
Elster, J. 1999. Alchemies of the Mind: Rationality and the Emotions. Cambridge.
Emmott, C. 1995. “Consciousness and Context-Building: Narrative Inferences and Anaphoric Theory.” In New Essays in Deixis, Discourse, Narrative, Literature, ed. K. Green, 81–97. Amsterdam.
———. 1997. Narrative Comprehension: A Discourse Perspective. Oxford.
Erbse, H. 1969–1988. Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem (scholia vetera). 7 vols. Berlin.
Erren, M. 1970. “ΑΥΤΙΚΑ ‘sogleich’ als Signal der einsetzenden Handlung in Ilias und Odyssee.” Poetica 3:24–55.
Eustathius, Archbishop of Thessalonica. 1960. Commentarii ad Homeri Iliadem et Odysseam. 4 vols. Hildesheim.
Fantuzzi, M., and Hunter, R. L. 2004. Tradition and Innovation in Hellenistic Poetry. Cambridge.
Farnell, L. R. 1921. Greek Hero Cults and Ideas of Immortality. Oxford.
Felson-Rubin, N. 1987. “Penelope’s Perspective: Character from Plot.” In Homer, Beyond Oral Poetry: Recent Trends in Homeric Interpretation, ed. I. J. F. de Jong, J. M. Bremmer, and J. Kalff, 61–83. Amsterdam.
Felson, N., ed. 2004. The Poetics of Deixis in Alcman, Pindar, and Other Lyric. Arethusa 37, Special Issue.
Fenik, B. 1974. Studies in the Odyssey. Wiesbaden.
Ferrari, A. 1999. Dizionario di mitologia greca e latina. Turin.
Fleischman, M., and Yaguello, S. 2004. “Discourse Markers Across Languages: Evidence from English and French.” In Discourse Across Languages and Cultures, ed. C. L. Moder and A. Martinovic-Zic, 129–147. Amsterdam.
Fischer, K. 2000. From Cognitive Semantics to lexical Pragmatics: The Functional Polysemy of Discourse Particles. Berlin.
———. 2006. “Towards an Understanding of the Spectrum of Approaches to Discourse Particles: Introduction to the Volume.” In Approaches to Discourse Particles, ed. K. Fischer, 1–20. Amsterdam and Boston.
Focke, F. 1943. Die Odyssee. Stuttgart.
Foley, H. 1978. “Reverse Similes and Sex Roles in the Odyssey.” Arethusa 11:7–26.
Foley, J. M. 1999. Homer’s Traditional Art. University Park.
Fox, B. 1987. “Anaphora in Popular Written English Narratives.” In Coherence and Grounding in Discourse: Outcome of a Symposium, Eugene, Oregon, June 1984, ed. R. S. Tomlin, 157–174. Amsterdam.
Frame, D. 1978. The Myth of Return in Early Greek Epic. New Haven.
Fränkel, H. F. 1955. Wege und Formen frühgriechischen Denkens: Literarische und philosophiegeschichtliche Studien. Munich.
Fränkel, J. J. 1947. “A Question in Connection with Greek Particles.” Mnemosyne 13:183–201.
Fraser, Bruce. 1999. “What are Discourse Markers?” Journal of Pragmatics 31:931–952.
Fraser, Bruce. (UK). 2001. “The Clause Start in Ancient Greek: Focus and the Second Position.” Glotta 77:138–177.
Frazer, J. G. 1965. Pausanias’s Description of Greece. Translated with a Commentary. 6 vols. New York.
Fretheim, T. 1996. “Accessing Contexts with Intonation.” In Fretheim and Gundel 1996, 89–112.
Fretheim, T., and Gundel, J. K., eds. 1996. Reference and Referent Accessibility. Amsterdam.
Frisk, H. 1960–1972. Griechisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 3 vols. Heidelberg.
Frontisi-Ducroux, F. 1995. “Il pubblico di Achille.” In Musica e mito nella Grecia antica, ed. D. Restani, 237–256. Bologna.
Gainsford, P. 2003. “Formal Analysis of Recognition Scenes in the Odyssey.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 123:41–59.
García, J. F. 2002. “Symbolic Action in the Homeric Hymns: The Theme of Recognition.” Classical Antiquity 21:5–39.
Georgakopoulou, A. and Goutsos, D. 1998. “Conjunctions Versus Discourse Markers in Greek: The Interaction of Frequency, Position, and Functions in Context.” Linguistics 36:887–917.
George, C. H. 2009. “Greek Particles: Just a Literary Phenomenon?” In Discourse Cohesion in Ancient Greek, ed. S. Bakker and G. Wakker, 155–169. Leiden.
Gentili, B. 1984. Poesia e pubblico nell’antica Grecia. Bari.
Gerö, E.-C. 2000. “The usage of ἄν and κε in Ancient Greek: Towards a Unified Description.” Glotta 76:177–191.
Geurts, B. 1999. Presuppositions and pronouns. Amsterdam.
Givón, T. 1983. Topic Continuity in Discourse: A Quantitative Cross-Language Study. Amsterdam.
———. 1984–1990. Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction. 2 vols. Amsterdam.
Glück, H., ed. 1993. Metzler-Lexikon Sprache. Stuttgart.
Goldhill, S. 1991. The Poet’s Voice: Essays on Poetics and Greek Literature. Cambridge.
Grethlein, J. 2007. “The Poetics of the Bath in the Iliad.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 103:25–49.
Grice, H. P. 1975. “Logic and Conversation.” In Syntax and Semantics. Vol. 3: Speech Acts, ed. P. Cole and J. L. Morgan, 41–58. New York.
———. 1981. “Presupposition and Conversational Implicature.” In Radical Pragmatics, ed. P. Cole, 183–198. London.
———. 1989. Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge, MA.
Griffin, J. 1980. Homer on Life and Death. Oxford.
———. 1995. Homer. Iliad, Book Nine. Oxford.
Grimm, J. and W. 1987. Kinder– und Hausmärchen. 3 vols. Stuttgart.
Grisé, C. 1990. “Ironie dramatique ou ironie cognitive?” Neophilologus 74:353–360.
Grosz, B. J., and Sidner, C. L. 1986. “Attention, Intentions, and the Structure of Discourse.” Computational Linguistics 12:175–204.
Grundy, P. 2000. Doing Pragmatics. London.
Gudeman, A. 1934. Aristoteles. ΠΕΡΙ ΠΟΙΗΤΙΚΗΣ. Berlin.
Gundel, J. K., Hedberg, N. and Zacharski, R. 1993. “Cognitive Status and the Form of Referring Expressions in Discourse.” Language 69:274–307.
Gundel, J. K., and Fretheim, T. 2002–2003. “Information Structure.” In HoP.
Güntert, H. 1919. Kalypso, bedeutungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen auf dem Gebiet der indogermanischen Sprachen. Halle.
Hack, R. K. 1929. “Homer and the Cult of Heroes.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 60:57–74.
Hadzisteliou-Price, T. 1973. “Hero Cult and Homer.” Historia 22:129–142.
Haeyeon, K. 2004. “Really as a Free-Standing TCU in English Conversation.” Language Research 40:861–883.
Hagège, C. 1974. “Les pronoms logophoriques.” Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 69:287–310.
Hägg, R. 1998. Ancient Greek Cult Practice from the Archaeological Evidence: Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on Ancient Greek Cult, Organized by the Swedish Institute at Athens, 22–24 October 1993. Stockholm.
Hakulinen, A. 1998. “The Use of Finnish nyt as a Discourse Particle.” In Jucker and Ziv 1998, 83–96.
Halliday, M. A. K., and Hasan, R. 1976. Cohesion in English. London.
Hannay, M., and Kroon, C. 2005. “Acts and the Relationship Between Discourse and Grammar.” Functions of Language 12:87–124.
Hansen, W. F. 2002. Ariadne’s Thread: A Guide to International Tales Found in Classical Literature. Ithaca.
Harris, W. No date. “Tyrian Purple of Royalty: A Most Intriguing Problem of Hue.”
Harsch, P. W. 1950. “Penelope and Odysseus in Odyssey xix.” American Journal of Philology 71:1–21.
Hastings, J., ed. 1908–1926. Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. 12 vols. Edinburgh.
Havelock, E. A. 1963. Preface to Plato. Cambridge, MA.
Havers, W. 1906. “Das Pronom der Jener-Deixis im Griechischen.” Indogermanische Forschungen 19:1–98.
Hays, H. M. 1918. Notes on the Works and Days of Hesiod, with Introduction and Appendix. Chicago.
Heitman, R. 2005. Taking Her Seriously: Penelope and the Plot of Homer’s Odyssey. Ann Arbor.
Hengeveld, K. 2004. “The Architecture of a Functional Discourse Grammar.” In A New Architecture for Functional Grammar, ed. J. Lachlan Mackenzie and M. de los Ángeles Gómez-Gonzáles, 1–21. Berlin.
Henrichs, A. 1969. “ΜΕΓΑΡΟΝ im Orakel des Apollon Kareion.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 4:31–37.
———. 1983. “The ‘Sobriety’ of Oedipus: Sophocles OC 100 misunderstood.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 87:87–100.
———. 1993. “The Tomb of Aias and the Prospect of Hero Cult in Sophokles.” Classical Antiquity 12:165–180.
Heritage, J. 1984. “A Change-of-State Token And Aspects of its Sequential Placement.” In Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversational Analysis, ed. J. M. Atkinson and J. Heritage, 299–345. Cambridge.
Hermann, G. 1827. Dissertatio de pronomine autos. In Opuscula, ed. G. Hermann, 308–342. Leipzig.
Herrero de Jáuregui, M. 2011. “Priam’s Catabasis: Traces of the Epic Journey to Hades in Iliad 24” Transactions of the American Philological Association 141:37–68.
Heubeck, A., West, S., Hainsworth, J. B., Hoekstra, A., and Russo, J. 1988–1992. A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey. 3 vols. Oxford.
Hilton, J. 1997/1998. “The Role of Discourse and Lexical Meaning in the Grammaticalisation of Temporal Particles in Latin.” Glotta 74:198–210.
Himmelmann, N. P. 1996. “Demonstrative in Narrative Discourse: A Taxonomy of Universal Uses.” In Studies in Anaphora, ed. B. Fox, 205–254. Amsterdam.
Hölker, K. 1991. “Französisch: Partikelforschung.” In Lexikon der romanistischen Linguistik, ed. G. Holtus, M. Metzeltin, and C. Schmitt, 77–88. Tübingen.
HoP. Handbook of Pragmatics Online,
Hopper, J., and Traugott, E. Closs. 1993. Grammaticalization. Cambridge.
Horn, L. R., and Ward, G., eds. 2006 [2004]. The Handbook of Pragmatics. Malden.
Huang, Y. 2007. Pragmatics. Oxford.
Hug, A. 1871. “Der Doppelsinn in Sophokles Oedipus König.” Philologus 31:66–84.
Humbert, J. 1972 [1945]. Syntaxe Grecque. 3rd ed., revue et augmentée. Paris.
Irwin, E. 1974. Colour Terms in Greek poetry. Toronto.
Janko, R. 1985. “A Neglected Idiom.” Classical Quarterly 35:20–30.
Jameson, M. H. 1994. “Theoxenia.” In Ancient Greek Cult Practice from the Epigraphical Evidence, ed. R. Hägg, 35–57. Stockholm.
Jebb, R. 1889. Sophocles. Oedipus at Colonus. Cambridge.
Johnstone, B. 2002. Discourse Analysis: Introducing Linguistics. Malden.
Jones, E. 1953–1957. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. 3 vols. New York.
de Jong, I. J. F. 1987. Narrators and Focalizers: The Presentation of the Story in the Iliad. Amsterdam.
———. 1997. “Γάρ Introducing Embedded Narratives.” In Rijksbaron 1997, 175–186.
———. 2001. A Narratological Commentary on the Odyssey. Cambridge.
de Jong, I. J. F. and Nünlist, R. 2004. “From Bird’s Eye View to Close-Up.” In Antike Literatur in neuer Deutung, ed. A. Schmitt, A. Bierl, and A. Willi, 63–83. Munich.
de Jong, I. J. F. and Rijksbaron, A., eds. 2005. Sophocles and the Greek Language: Aspects of Diction, Syntax and Pragmatics. Leiden.
Jucker, A. H., and Ziv, Y., eds. 1998. Discourse Markers: Descriptions and Theory. Amsterdam.
Kacandes, I. 1994. “Narrative Apostrophe: Reading, Rhetoric, Resistance in Michel Butor’s ‘La modification’ and Julio Cortazar’s ‘Graffiti’ (Second-Person Narrative).” Style, September 1994.
Kadletz, E. 1984. “The Sacrifice of Eumaios the Pig Herder,” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 25:99–105.
Kahane, A. 1994. The Interpretation of Order: A Study in the Poetics of Homeric Repetition. Oxford.
von Kamptz, H. 1982. Homerische Personennamen: Sprachwissenschaftliche und historische Klassifikation. Göttingen.
Karydas, H. Pournara. 1998. Eurykleia and her Successors: Female Figures of Authority in Greek Poetics. Lanham.
Kassel, R. 1965. De arte poetica liber Aristotelis. Oxford.
Katz, J. T. 2007. “The Epic Adventures of an Unknown Particle.” In Greek and Latin from an Indo-European Perspective, ed. C. H. George, 65–79. Cambridge.
Katz, M. A. 1991. Penelope’s Renown: Meaning and Indeterminacy in the Odyssey. Princeton.
Kirk, G. S. 1962. The Songs of Homer. Cambridge.
Kirk, G. S., Hainsworth, J. B., Edwards, M. W., Janko, R., and Richardson, N. J. 1985–1993. The Iliad, A Commentary. Cambridge.
Klein, J. S. 1988. “Homeric Greek αὖ: A Synchronic, Diachronic and Comparative Study.” Historische Sprachforschung 101:249–288.
Klein, J. S., and Condon, N. L. 1993. “Gothic -u(h): A Synchronic and Comparative Study.” Transactions of the Philological Society 91:1–62.
König, E. 1998. “Toward a Typology of Intensifiers (Emphatic Reflexives).” In XVI Congrès international des linguistes (Paris, Juillet 20–25, 1997), ed. B. Caron, 1–16. Amsterdam.
———. 2001. “Intensifiers and Reflexive Pronouns.” In Language Typology and Language Universal, ed. E. König, M. Haspelmath, W. Osterreicher, and W. Raible, 747–760. Berlin.
König, E., and Siemund, P. 2000. “Locally Free Self-Forms, Logophoricity, and Intensification in English.” English Language and Linguistics 4:183–204.
Konstan, D. 2006. The Emotions of the Ancient Greeks: Studies in Aristotle and Classical Literature. Toronto.
Kosslyn, S. M. 1995. “Mental Imagery.” In An Invitation to Cognitive Science, ed. S. M. Kosslyn and D. N. Osherson, 267–296. Cambridge, MA.
Kovacs, D. 1994. Euripides. Cyclops; Alcestis; Medea. Cambridge, MA.
Kroon, C. 1995. Discourse Particles in Latin: A Study of nam, enim, autem, vero, and at. Amsterdam.
———. 2004. “Latin quidem and the Structure of the Move.” In Words in their Places: A Festschrift for J. Lachlan Mackenzie, ed. H. Aarts, M. Hannay, and R. Lyall, 199–209. Amsterdam.
———. 2005. “The Relationship between Grammar and Discourse: Evidence from the Latin Particle quidem.” In Latina Lingua! Papers on Grammar IX 2, ed. G. Calboli, 577–590. Rome.
———. 2009. “Text Structure and Referential Choice in Narrative: The Anaphoric Use of the Latin Demonstrative ille.” In New Approaches in Text Linguistics, ed. S. Mellet and D. Longrée, 115–132. Amsterdam.
Kühner, R., and Gerth, B. 1955. Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache: Satzlehre. 2 vols. Hannover.
Labov, W. 1972. “The Transformation of Experience in Narrative Syntax.” In Language in the Inner City: Studies in the Black English Vernacular, ed. W. Labov, 354–396. Philadelphia.
Lakoff, R. 1971. “If’s, And’s, and But’s about Conjunction.” In Studies in Linguistic Semantics, ed. C. J. Fillmore and D. T. Langendoen, 114–149. New York.
———. 1974. “Remarks on This and That.” Chicago Linguistic Society 10:345–356.
Lamb, W. R. M., and Fowler, H. N. 1952. Plato. The Statesman; Philebus; Ion. Cambridge, MA.
Lateiner, D. 1995. Sardonic Smile: Nonverbal Behavior in Homeric Epic. Ann Arbor.
Lattimore, R. A. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago.
———. 1967. The Odyssey of Homer. New York.
Lausberg, H. 1960. Handbuch der literarischen Rhetorik. Munich.
Lehmann, C. 1977. “A Universal about Conditional Sentences.” In Studies in Linguistic Typology, ed. M. et al. Rompartl, 231–241. Prague.
Lenk, U. 1997. “Discourse Markers.” In HoP.
———. 1998. Marking Discourse Coherence: Functions of Discourse Markers in Spoken English. Tübingen.
Lesher, J. H. 1981. “Perceiving and Knowing in the Iliad and Odyssey.” Phronesis 26:2–23.
Létoublon, F. 1998. “Descriptions dans l’Iliade.” In Quaestiones homericae, ed. L. Lebrun and R. Isebaert, 163–186. Louvain.
Levaniouk, O. 1999. “Penelope and the Pênelops.” In Nine Essays on Homer, ed. M. Carlisle and O. Levaniouk, 95–136. Lanham.
———. 2011. Eve of the Festival: Making Myth in Odyssey 19. Washington, DC.
Levinsohn, S. H. 1987. Textual Connections in Acts. Atlanta.
Levinson, S. C. 1983. Pragmatics. Cambridge.
LfgrE. 1955–2010. Lexikon des frühgriechischen Epos. 4 vols. Ed. H. J. Mette, B. Snell, et al. Göttingen.
LSJ. Liddell, H. G., Scott, R., Jones, H. S., and McKenzie, R. 1996. A Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford.
Lloyd, M. 2004. “The Politeness of Achilles: Off-Record Conversation Strategies in Homer and the Meaning of kertomia.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:75–89.
Lloyd-Jones, H. 1971. The Justice of Zeus. Berkeley.
Lorimer, H. Lockhart. 1950. Homer and the Monuments. London.
Louden, B. 1999. The Odyssey: Structure, Narration, and Meaning. Baltimore.
Luke, K. K. 1990. Utterance Particles in Cantonese Conversation. Amsterdam.
Luraghi, S. 1998. “Participant Tracking in Tacitus.” In Estudios de lingüística latina, ed. G. García-Hernández, 467–484. Madrid.
———. 2003. On the Meaning of Prepositions and Cases. Amsterdam.
———. 2004. “Null Objects in Latin and Greek and the Relevance of Linguistic Typology for Language Reconstruction.” In Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference: Los Angeles November 7–8, 2003, ed. K. Jones-Bley, A. della Volpe, M. Huld, and M. Robbins Dexter, 234–256. Washington, DC.
Lyons, J. 1977. Semantics. 2 vols. Cambridge.
Mackie, C. J. 1999. “Scamander and the Rivers of Hades in Homer.” American Journal of Philology 120:485–501.
Magnien, V. 1922. “Emploi des démonstratifs chez Homère.” Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 23:156–183.
Magri, T., ed. 1999. Filosofia ed emozioni. Milan.
Malkin, I. 1998. The Returns of Odysseus: Colonization and Ethnicity. Berkeley.
———. 2001. “Greek Ambiguities: ‘Ancient Hellas’ and ‘Barbarian Epirus.’” In Ancient Perceptions of Greek Ethnicity, ed. I. Malkin, 187–212. Washington, DC.
Mariano, S. 2002. “A Study of the Translation of Discourse Markers in Italian in Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone by J. K. Rowling.”
Marquardt, P. 1985. “Penelope Πολύτροπος.” American Journal of Philology 106:32–48.
Marslen-Wilson, W., Levy E., and Komisarjevsky T. L. 1982. “Producing Interpretable Discourse: The Establishment and Maintenance of Reference.” In Speech, Place and Action: Studies in Deixis and Related Topics, ed. R. J. Jarvella and W. Klein, 339–378. Chichester.
Martin, R. P. 1989. The Language of Heroes: Speech and Performance in the Iliad. Ithaca.
Maschler, Y. 1998. “Rotsè lishmoa kéta? ‘Wanna Hear Something Weird/Funny’ [Lit. ‘A Segment’]? Segmenting Israeli Hebrew Talk-In-Interaction.” In Jucker and Ziv 1998, 13–59.
Mattes, W. 1958. Odysseus bei den Phäaken: Kritisches zur Homeranalyse. Würzburg.
Mazarakis Ainian, A. 1999. “Reflections on Hero Cults in Early Iron Age Greece.” In Ancient Greek Hero Cult, ed. R. Hägg, 9–36. Stockholm.
Maclean, J. K. B., and Aitken, E. B. 2001. Philostratus. Heroikos. Atlanta.
Meadows, M. G., Butler, M. W., Morehouse, N. I., Taylor, L. A., Toomey, M. B., McGraw, K. J., and Rutowski R. L. 2009. “Iridescence: Views from Many Angles.” Journal of the Royal Society Interface 6: S107–113.
Melchert, H. C. 1994. Anatolian Historical Phonology. Amsterdam.
Merkelbach, R., and West, M. L. 1967. Hesiod. Fragments. Oxford.
Mey, J. L. 2001. Pragmatics: An Introduction. Malden.
Meyer, M. W. 1987. The Ancient Mysteries: A Sourcebook. San Francisco.
Minchin, E. 1992. “Homer Springs a Surprise: Eumaios’ Tale at Od. ο 403–484.” Hermes 120:259–266.
———. 2001. Homer and the Resources of Memory: Some Applications of Cognitive Theory to the Iliad and the Odyssey. Oxford.
———. 2007. Homeric Voices: Discourse, Memory, Gender. Oxford.
Minkoff, S. A. 2004. “Consciousness, Backward Coreference, and Logophoricity.” Linguistic Inquiry 35:485–494.
Mithun, M. 1996. “Prosodic Cues to Accessibility.” In Fretheim and Gundel 1996, 223–234.
Monro, D. B. 1891 [1882]. A Grammar of the Homeric Dialect. Oxford.
———. 1901. Homer’s Odyssey. Books XIII–XXIV. Oxford.
Montero, T. 1973. Aspetti del culto degli eroi presso i greci. Genoa.
Moravcsik, E. 1972. “Some Cross-Linguistic Generalizations about Intensifier Constructions.” Chicago Linguistic Society 8:271–277.
Morris, C. W. 1955 [1938]. “Foundations of the Theory of Signs.” International Encyclopedia of Unified Science 1:77–137.
Mosegaard Hansen, M.-B. 1998. The Function of Discourse Particles: A Study with Special Reference to Spoken Standard French. Amsterdam.
Most, G. W. 1989. “Self-Disclosure and Self-Sufficiency in Greek Culture.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 109:114–133.
Muchnová, D. 2003. “Epei homérique: Sémantique, syntaxe, pragmatique.” GAIA 7:105–116.
Muecke, F. 1983. “Foreshadowing and Dramatic Irony in the Story of Dido.” American Journal of Philology 104:134–155.
Muellner, L. C. 1976. The Meaning of Homeric euchomai through its Formulas. Innsbruck.
Mühlestein, H. 1984. “Der göttliche Sauhirt und die Namen.” Antike und Abenland 30:146–153.
———. 1987. Homerische Namenstudien. Frankfurt.
Murnaghan, S. 1987. Disguise and Recognition in the Odyssey. Princeton.
Murray, A. T. 1939. Demosthenes. VI. Private orations; In Naeaeram. Cambridge, MA.
Murray, A. T., and Dimock, G. 1995. Homer. The Odyssey. Cambridge, MA.
Mylonas, G. E. 1961. Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries. Princeton.
———. 1975. To dytikon nekrotapheion tēs Eleusinos. 3 vols. Athens.
Nagler, M. N. 1974. Spontaneity and Tradition: A Study in the Oral Art of Homer. Berkeley.
Nagy, G. 1973. “Phaethon, Sappho’s Phaon, and the White Rock of Leukas.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 77:137–177.
———. 1983. “Sêma and Nóēsis: Some Illustrations.” Arethusa 16:35–55.
———. 1990a. Pindar’s Homer: The Lyric Possession of an Epic Past. Baltimore.
———. 1990b. Greek Mythology and Poetics. Ithaca.
———. 1996a. Homeric Questions. Austin.
———. 1996b. Poetry as Performance: Homer and Beyond. Cambridge.
———. 1999 [1979]. The Best of the Achaeans: Concepts of the Hero in Archaic Greek Poetry. Baltimore.
———. 2001a. “The Sign of the Hero: A Prologue.” In Maclean and Aitken 2001, xv–xxxv.
———. 2001b. “Homeric Poetry and Problems of Multiformity: The ‘Panathenaic Bottleneck.’” Classical Philology 96:109–119.
———. 2004a. Homer’s Text and Language. Urbana.
———. 2004b. “Transmission of Archaic Greek Sympotic Songs: From Lesbos to Alexandria.” Critical Inquiry 31:26–48.
———. 2006. “The Epic Hero.” 2nd ed. (online version).
———. 2009. Homer the Classic. Washington, DC.
———. 2009–. Homer the Preclassic.
Newton, R. M. 1984. “The Rebirth of Odysseus.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 25:5–20.
———. 1998. “Cloak and Shield in Odyssey 14,” Classical Journal 93 (1997–1998):143–156.
Nock, A. D. 1972. Essays on Religion and the Ancient World. Oxford.
Norrick, N. R. 2001. “Discourse Markers in Oral Narrative.” Journal of Pragmatics 33:849–878.
Nünlist, R. 1998. “Der Homerische Erzähler und das sogenannte Sukzessionsgesetz.” Museum Helveticum 55:2–8.
Olson, S. D. 1995. Blood and Iron: Story and Storytelling in Homer’s Odyssey. Leiden.
van Ophuijsen, J. M., and Stork, P. 1999. Linguistics into Interpretation: Speeches of War in Herodotus VII 5 & 8–18. Leiden.
Oréal, E. 1997. “Sur la fonction argumentative de quelques particules grecques.” Lalies 17:229–249.
Orlandini, A. 1999. “De la connexion: Une analyse pragmatique des connecteurs latins autem et ceterum.” Indogermanische Forschungen 104:142–163.
Östman, J.-O. 1981. You Know: A Discourse-Functional Approach. Amsterdam.
Palmer, L. R. 1980. The Greek Language. London.
Parke, H. W. 1977. Festivals of the Athenians. London.
Parker, R. 1996. Athenian Religion: A History. Oxford.
Parry, A. 1972. “Language and Characterization in Homer.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 76:1–22.
Parry, M. 1971. The Making of Homeric Verse: The Collected Papers of Milman Parry. Ed. A. Parry. Oxford.
Patzer, H. 1990. “Gleichzeitige Ereignisse im homerischen Epos.” In ΕΡΜΗΝΕΥΜΑΤΑ: Festschrift für Hadwig Hörner zum sechzigsten Geburtstag, ed. H. Eisenberger, 153–172. Heidelberg.
von Pauly, A. F. , Mittelhaus, K., Witte, K., Wissowa, G., Kroll, W., and Ziegler, K. 1894. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft: neue Bearbeitung. 24 vols. Stuttgart.
Perrin, B. 1918. Plutarch’s Lives. Vol. 6, Dion and Brutus, Timoleon and Aemilius Paulus. London.
Pertusi, A. C. 1955. Scholia vetera in Hesiodi Opera et dies. Milan.
Petit, D. 1999. Sue– en grec ancien: La famille du pronom réfléchi; Linguistique grecque et comparaison indo-européenne. Leuven.
Petropoulou, A. 1987. “The Sacrifice of Eumaeus Reconsidered.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 28:135–149.
Pierron, A. 1887. L’Odyssée d’Homère. Paris.
Pokorny, J. 1959. Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Bern.
de Polignac, F. 1994. “Mediation, Competition, and Sovereignity: The Evolution of Rural Sanctuaries in Geometric Greece.” In Placing the Gods: Sanctuaries and Sacred Space in Ancient Greece, ed. S. E. Alcock and R. Osborne, 3–18. Oxford.
Pollard, C., and Sag, I. A. 1992. “Anaphors in English and the Scope of Binding Theory.” Linguistic Inquiry 23:261–303.
Pons Bordería, S. 1998. Conexión y conectores: Estudio de su relación en el registro informal de la lengua. Valencia.
Prósper, B. 1991. “Reflexiones sobre la categoría de adverbio en protoindoeuropeo.” Revista Española de Lingüística 21:65–78.
Pucci, P. 1982. “The Proem of the Odyssey.” Arethusa 15:39–62.
———. 1987. Odysseus Polutropos: Intertextual Readings in the Odyssey and the Iliad. Ithaca.
Puddu, N. 2005. Riflessivi e intensificatori: Greco, latino e le altre lingue indoeuropee. Pisa.
Puhvel, J. 1984. Hittite Etymological Dictionary. Berlin.
Rabel, R. J. 1997. Plot and Point of View in the Iliad. Ann Arbor.
Racine, J. 1960. Five Plays. Translated into English Verse, and with an Introduction by Kenneth Muir. New York.
Redeker, G. 1991. “Linguistic Markers of Discourse Structure: Review of Discourse Markers by D. Schiffrin.” Linguistics 29:1139–1172.
———. 2006. “Discourse Markers as Attentional Cues at Discourse Transitions.” In Approaches to Discourse Particles, ed. K. Fischer, 339–358. Amsterdam.
Reece, S. 1993. The Stranger’s Welcome: Oral Theory and the Aesthetics of the Homeric Hospitality Scene. Ann Arbor.
Reinhart, T., and Reuland, E. 1993. “Reflexivity.” Linguistic Inquiry 12:657–720.
Rengakos, A. 1995. “Zeit und Gleichzeitigkeit in den homerischen Epen.” Antike und Abendland 41:1–33.
Revuelta Puigdollers, A. R. 2009. “The Particles αὖ and αὖτε in Ancient Greek as Topicalizing Devices.” In Discourse Cohesion in Ancient Greek, ed. S. Bakker and G. Wakker, 83–109. Leiden.
Richardson, N. J. 1974. The Homeric Hymn to Demeter. Oxford.
Richardson, S. D. 1990. The Homeric Narrator. Nashville.
Rieken, E. 2007. “Kāša und kāšma: Zwei verkannte deiktische Partikeln.” Paper delivered at the Arbeitstagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft, September 24–26, 2007. Marburg.
Rijksbaron, A. 1976. Temporal and Causal Conjunctions in Ancient Greek: With Special Reference to the Use of epei and hōs in Herodotus. Amsterdam.
———, ed. 1997. New Approaches to Greek Particles. Amsterdam.
———. 2007. Plato. Ion, or, On the Iliad. Leiden.
Risch, E. 1974 [1937]. Wortbildung der homerischen Sprache. 2nd rev. ed. Berlin.
Roisman, A. 1990. “Eumaeus and Odysseus—Covert Recognition and Self-Revelation?” Illinois Classical Studies 15:215–238.
Röscher, W. H. 1965–1978. Ausführliches Lexikon der griechischen und römischen Mythologie. 7 vols. Hildesheim.
Rose, G. P. 1980. “The Swineherd and the Beggar.” Phoenix 34:285–297.
Rose, P. W. 1992. Sons of the Gods, Children of Earth: Ideology and Literary Form in Ancient Greece. Ithaca.
Rouchota, V. 1998. “Procedural Meaning and Parenthetical Discourse Markers.” In Jucker and Ziv 1998, 97–126.
Roulet, E., Auchlin, A., Moeschler, J., Rubattel, C., and Schelling, M. 1985. L’articulation du discours en français contemporain. Berne.
Rubin, D. C. 1995. Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes. New York.
Ruijgh, C. J. 1957. L’élément achéen dans la langue épique. Assen.
———. 1971. Autour de “TE épique”: Études sur la syntaxe grecque. Amsterdam.
———. 1992. “L’emploi le plus ancien et les emplois plus récents de la particule κε/ἄν.” In La langue et les textes en grec ancien: Actes du colloque P. Chantraine, Grenoble 5–8 septembre 1989, ed. F. Létoublon, 75–88. Amsterdam.
———. 2006. “The Use of the Demonstratives ὅδε, οὗτος and (ἐ)κεῖνος in Sophocles.” In Sophocles and the Greek Language: Aspects of Diction, Syntax and Pragmatics, ed. I. J. F. de Jong and A. Rijksbaron, 151–162. Leiden.
Rüter, K. 1969. Odysseeinterpretationen: Untersuchungen zum ersten Buch und zur Phaiakis. Ed. K. Matthiessen. Göttingen.
Rutherford, I. 2001. Pindar’s Paeans: A Reading of the Fragments with a Survey of the Genre. Oxford.
Rutherford, R. B. 1992. Homer. Odyssey Books xix and xx. Cambridge.
Sadoulet, P. 1984. “Les significations de αὐτός en grec.” Lalies 4:61–65.
Sanford, A. J., and Garrod, S. C. 1981. Understanding Written Language: Explorations of Comprehension Beyond the Sentence. Chichester.
Schenkeveld, D. M. 1988. “From Particula to Particle: The Genesis of a Class of Words.” In L’héritage des grammairiens latins de l’antiquité aux lumières: Actes du colloque de Chantilly, 2–4 Sept. 1987, ed. I. Rosier, 81–93. Paris.
Schiffrin, D. 1987. Discourse Markers. Cambridge.
———, ed. 1994. Approaches to Discourse. Oxford.
———. 2006. “Discourse Marker Research and Theory: Revisiting And.” In Approaches to Discourse Particles, ed. K. Fischer, 315–338. Amsterdam.
Schmerling, S. F. 1975. “Asymmetric Conjunction and Rules of Conversation.” In Syntax and Semantics. Vol. 3, Speech Acts, ed. P. Cole and J. L. Morgan, 211–231. New York.
Schourup, L. 1999. “Discourse Markers.” Lingua 107:227–265.
Schwartz, E. 1924. Die Odyssee. Munich.
Schwyzer, E. 1939–1971. Griechische Grammatik, auf der Grundlage von Karl Brugmanns Griechischer Grammatik. 4 vols. Munich.
Scodel, R. 2002. “Homeric Signs and Flashbulb Memory.” In Epea and Grammata: Oral and Written Communication in Ancient Greece, ed. I. Worthington and J. M. Foley, 99–116. Leiden.
———. 2008. “Zielinski’s Law Reconsidered.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 138:107–125.
Searle, J. R. 1969. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. London.
———. 1975. “Indirect Speech Acts.” In Syntax and Semantics Vol. 3, Speech Acts, ed. P. Cole and J. L. Morgan, 59–82. New York.
Segal, C. P. 1962. “The Phaeacians and the Symbolism of Odysseus’ Return.” Arion 1:17–64.
———. 1994. Singers, Heroes, and Gods in the Odyssey. Ithaca.
———. 1998. Aglaia: The Poetry of Alcman, Sappho, Pindar, Bacchylides, and Corinna. Lanham.
Sells, P. 1987. “Aspects of Logophoricity.” Linguistic Inquiry 18:445–479.
Shorey, P. 1928. “The Pathos and Humor of αὖ.” Classical Philology 23:285–287.
Sicking, C. M. J., and van Ophuijsen, J. M. 1993. Two Studies in Attic Particle Usage: Lysias and Plato. Leiden.
de Simone, R., ed. 1994. Fiabe campane: I novantanove racconti delle dieci notti. 2 vols. Turin.
Slater, W. J. 1969. Lexicon to Pindar. Berlin.
Slings, S. R. 1997. “Adversative Relators Between PUSH and POP.” In Rijksbaron 1997, 101–130.
Sluiter, I. 1997. “Parapleromatic Lucubrations.” In Rijksbaron 1997, 233–246.
Smith, C. S., 2003. Modes of Discourse: The Local Structure of Text. Cambridge.
Smyth, H. W. 1980 [1920]. Greek Grammar. Cambridge, MA.
Snell, B. 1931. “J. Böhme. Die Seele und das Ich im homerischen Epos.” Gnomon 7:74–86.
Snodgrass, A. 2000. “The Archaeology of the Hero.” In Oxford Readings in Greek Religion, ed. R. Buxton, 180–190. Oxford.
Sommerstein, A. H. 1996. Aristophanes. Frogs. Warminster.
Sourvinou-Inwood, C. 1995. “Reading” Greek Death: To the End of the Classical Period. Oxford.
———. 2003. “Festival and Mysteries: Aspects of the Eleusinian Cult.” In Greek Mysteries: The Archaeology and Ritual of Ancient Greek Secret Cults, ed. M. B. Cosmopoulos, 25–49. London.
Sperber, D. and Wilson, D. 1992. “Verbal Irony.” Lingua 87:53–76.
Stanford, W. B. 1972 [1939]. Ambiguity in Greek Literature: Studies in Theory and Practice. New York.
———. 1996 [1949]. Homer. Odyssey. 2 vols. London.
Starobinski, J. 1975. “The Inside and the Outside.” Hudson Review 28:333–351.
Stewart, D. J. 1976. The Disguised Guest: Rank, Role, and Identity in the Odyssey. Lewisburg.
Stroh, W. 2003. “Declamatio.” In Studium declamatorium: Untersuchungen zu Schulübungen und Prunkreden von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit (Joachim Dingel zum 65. Geburtstag), ed. B.-J. Schröder and J.-P. Schröder, 5–34. Munich.
Suter, A. 2002. The Narcissus and the Pomegranate: An Archaeology of the Homeric Hymn to Demeter. Ann Arbor.
Suzuki, S. 1998. “Pejorative Connotation: A Case of Japanese.” In Jucker and Ziv 1998, 261–276.
Sweetser, E. 1990. From Etymology to Pragmatics: Metaphorical and Cultural Aspects of Semantic Structure. Cambridge.
Taillardat, J. 1987. “A propos de grec αὐτός: ipséité, identité, anaphore.” Lalies 5:75–86.
Tandy, D. W. 1997. Warriors into Traders: The Power of the Market in Early Greece. Berkeley.
Thalmann, W. G. 1992. The Odyssey: An Epic of Return. New York.
———. 1998. The Swineherd and the Bow: Representations of Class in the Odyssey. Ithaca.
Thirlwall, J. C. 1833. On the Irony of Sophocles. Cambridge.
Thompson, E. 1995. Colour Vision: A Study in Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Perception. London.
Traugott, E. Closs, and Pratt, M. L. 1980. Linguistics for Students of Literature. New York.
Traugott, E. Closs, and Dasher, R. B. 2002. Regularity in Semantic Change. Cambridge.
Truss, L. 2003. Eats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation. London.
Tsagarakis, O. 1977. Self-Expression in Early Greek Lyric. Wiesbaden.
Uhlig, G. 1910. Grammatici Graeci II. Leipzig.
Verdenius, W. J. 1962. “ΑΙΝΟΣ.” Mnemosyne 15:389.
Vergados, A. 2011. “Shifting Focalization in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes: The Case of Hermes’ Cave.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 51:1–25.
Vermeule, C. 1972. “Greek Funerary Animals, 450–300 B.C.” American Journal of Archaeology 76:49–59.
Vermeule, E. 1979. Aspects of Death in Early Greek Art and Poetry. Berkeley.
Verschueren, J. 1999. Understanding Pragmatics. London.
Vlahos, J. B. 2007. “Homer’s Odyssey, Books 19 and 23: Early Recognition; A Solution to the Enigmas of Ivory and Horns, and the Test of the Bed.” College Literature 34.
Vonk, W., Hustinx, L. G. M. M., and Simons, W. H. G. 1992. “The Use of Referential Expressions in Structuring Discourse.” Language and Cognitive Processes 7:301–333.
Waanders, F. M. J. 1997. “Particulars of Some Proto-Indo-European Particles.” In Rijksbaron 1997, 269–274.
Wace, A. J. B., and Stubbings, F. H., eds. 1967 [1962]. A Companion to Homer. London.
Wackernagel, J. 1892. “Über ein Gesetz der idg. Wortstellung.” Indogermanische Forschungen 1:333–436.
Wagnon, A. 1880. Le pronom d’identité et la formule du réfléchi dans Homère, dans les poètes tragiques et chez les Doriens. Geneva.
Wakker, G. C. 1994. Conditions and Conditionals: An Investigation of Ancient Greek. Amsterdam.
———. 1996. “The Discourse Function of Particles: Some Observations on the Use of mèn/man in Theocritus.” In Theocritus, ed. R. F. Regtuit M. A. Harder, G. C. Wakker, 247–263. Groningen.
———. 1997. “Modal Particles and Different Points of View in Herodotus and Thucydides.” In Bakker 1997, 215–250.
Walrod, M. 2006. “The Marker is the Message: The Influence of Discourse Markers and Particles on Textual Meaning.” Paper presented at Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, January 17–20, 2006, Palawan, Philippines.
Wendel, T. 1929. Die Gesprächsanrede im griechischen Epos und Drama der Blütezeit. Stuttgart.
West, M. L. 1978. Hesiod. Works & Days. Oxford.
White, J. W., and Morgan, M. H. 1892. An illustrated Dictionary to Xenophon’s Anabasis, with Groups of Words Etymologically Related. Boston.
Whitley, J. 1995. “Tomb Cult and Hero Cult.” In Time, Tradition and Society in Greek Archaeology: Bridging the ‘Great Divide’, ed. N. Spencer, 43–63. London and New York.
Widdowson, H. G. 1990. Aspects of Language Teaching. Oxford.
———. 1995. “Discourse Analysis: A Critical View.” Language and Literature 4:157–172.
———. 2007. Discourse Analysis. Oxford.
Wierzbicka, A. 1986. “Introduction.” Journal of Pragmatics 10:519–534.
Wilkins, D. P. 1992. “Interjections as Deictics.” Journal of Pragmatics 18:119–158.
Wilson, D. and Sperber, D. 1993. “Linguistic Form and Relevance.” Lingua 90:1–25.
Winkler, J. J. 1990. “Penelope’s Cunning and Homer’s.” In The constraints of Desire: The Anthropology of Sex and Gender in Ancient Greece, ed. J. J. Winkler, 129–161. New York.
Wittgenstein, L. 1953. Philosophical Investigations [Philosophische Untersuchungen]. Trans. G. E. M. Anscombe. 3rd ed. Oxford.
Wolfart, H. C. 1973. “Plains Cree: A Grammatical Study.” American Philosophical Society Transactions 63: part 5, 1–90.
Worman, N. 2001a. “This Voice Which is Not One: Helen’s Verbal Guises in Homeric Epic.” In Making Silence Speak: Women’s Voices in Greek Literature and Society, ed. A. Lardinois and L. McClure, 19–37. Princeton.
———. 2001b. “The HERKOS ACHAION Transformed: Character Type and Spatial Meaning in the Ajax.” Classical Philology 96:228–252.
Zielinski, T. 1899–1901. “Die Behandlung gleichzeitiger Ereignisse im antiken Epos.” Philologus Supplement 8:405–449.
Zufferey, S. and Popescu-Belis, A. 2004. “Towards Automatic Identification of Discourse Markers in Dialogs: The Case of Like.” In Proceedings of SIGDIAL ‘04 (5th SIGDIAL Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue), 63–71. Cambridge, MA.
Zwicky, A. M. 1985. “Clitics and Particles.” Language 61:283–305.