I. Editions of Homer, lexica, and other reference works

Chantraine, P. 1990, 1984. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue Greque 1-2, 3-4. Paris.
Cunliffe, R. J. 1988. A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect. 2nd ed. Norman.
Dunbar, H. 1962. A Complete Concordance to the Odyssey of Homer. Rev. B. Marzullo. Hildesheim.
Erbse, H., ed. 1969, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1983, 1988. Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII. Berlin.
Leaf, W., ed. 1866, 1871. The Iliad I, II. London.
Prendergast, G. L. 1962. A Complete Concordance to the Iliad of Homer. Rev. B. Marzullo. Hildesheim.
van Thiel, H., ed. 1991. Homeri Odyssea. Hildesheim.
———, ed. 1996. Homeri Ilias. Hildesheim.
West, M. L., ed. 1998, 2000. Homeri Ilias I, II. Stuttgart.

II. Other works

Alexiou, M. 1974. The Ritual Lament in Greek Tradition. Cambridge.
Apthorp, M. J. 1999. “Homer’s Winged Words and the Papyri: Some Questions of Authenticity.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigrafik 128:15-22.
Arend, W. 1933. Die typischen Scenen bei Homer. Problemata 7. Berlin.
Austin, N. 1966. “The Function of Digressions in the Iliad.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 7:295-312.
———. 1975. Archery at the Dark of the Moon: Poetic Problems in Homer’s Odyssey. Berkeley.
Bakker, E. J. 1997. Poetry in Speech: Orality and Homeric Discourse. Ithaca.
Balthes, M. 1983. “Zur Eigenart und Funktion von Gleichnissen im 16. Buch der Ilias.” Antike und Abendland 29:36-48.
Bassett, S. E. 1938. The Poetry of Homer. Berkeley.
Beck, D. 1999. “Speech Introductions and the Character Development of Telemachus.” Classical Journal 94:121-141.
Beck, W. 1986. “Choice and Context: Metrical Doublets for Hera.” American Journal of Philology 107:480-488.
Boedeker, D. D. 1974. Aphrodite’s Entry into Greek Epic. Leiden.
Bolling, G. M. 1925. The External Evidence for Interpolation in Homer. Oxford.
Bowra, C. M. 1930. Tradition and Design in the Iliad. Oxford.
Burgess, J. S. 2001. The Tradition of the Trojan War in Homer & the Epic Cycle. Baltimore.
Byre, C. S. 1988. “Penelope and the Suitors Before Odysseus: Odyssey 18.158‑303.” American Journal of Philology 109:159-173.
Clanchy, M. T. 1979. From Memory to Written Record: England, 1066-1307. Cambridge.
Clark, M. E. 1986. “Neoanalysis: A Bibliographical Review.” Classical World 79:379-391.
Clay, J. S. 1983. The Wrath of Athena: Gods and Men in the Odyssey. Princeton.
Collins, D. 1998. Immortal Armor: The Concept of Alkê in Archaic Greek Poetry. Lanham.
Combellack, F. M. 1948. “Speakers and Scepters in Homer.” Classical Journal 43:209-217.
———. 1959. “Milman Parry and Homeric Artistry.” Comparative Literature 11:193-208.
Crotty, C. 1994. The Poetics of Supplication: Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. Ithaca
Danek, G. 1998. Epos und Zitat: Studien zu den Quellen der Odyssee. Vienna.
Dickey, E. 1996. Greek Forms of Address From Herodotus to Lucian. Oxford.
Diffey, T. J. 1995. “A Note on Some Meanings of the Term ‘Aesthetic’.” British Journal of Aesthetics 35:61-66.
Donlan, W. 1979. “The Structure of Authority in the Iliad.” Arethusa 12:51-70.
Drew, P. and J. Heritage, eds. 1992. Talk at Work. Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics 8. Cambridge.
Duggan, J. J. 1973. The Song of Roland: Formulaic Style and Poetic Craft. Berkeley.
Edwards, M. W. 1966. “Some Features of Homeric Craftsmanship.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 97:115-179.
———. 1969. “On Some ‘Answering’ Expressions in Homer.” Classical Philology 64:81-87.
———. 1970. “Homeric Speech Introductions.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 74:1-36.
———. 1980. “Convention and Individuality in Iliad 1.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 84:1-28.
———. 1986a. “Homer and Oral Tradition: The Formula, Part I.” Oral Tradition 1/2:171-230.
———. 1986b. “The Conventions of a Homeric Funeral.” In Studies in Honor of T. B. L. Webster, ed. J. H. Betts, J. T. Hooker, and J. R. Green, 84-92. Bristol.
———. 1987. Homer: Poet of the Iliad. Baltimore.
———. 1988. “Homer and Oral Tradition: The Formula, Part II.” Oral Tradition 3/1-2:11-60.
———. 1990. “Neoanalysis and Beyond.” Classical Antiquity 9:311-325.
———. 1991. The Iliad: A Commentary (Volume V: Books 17-20). Cambridge.
———. 1992. “Homer and Oral Tradition: The Type-Scene.” Oral Tradition 7/2:284-330.
———. 1997. “Homeric Style and ‘Oral Poetics’.” In Morris and Powell 1997:261-283.
Emlyn-Jones, C. 1984. “The Reunion of Penelope and Odysseus.” Greece & Rome 31:1-18.
Erbse, H. 1972. Beiträge zum Verständnis der Odyssee. Berlin.
Feeney, D. 1983. “The Taciturnity of Aeneas.” Classical Quarterly n.s. 33:204‑219.
Felson-Rubin, N. 1994. Regarding Penelope: From Character to Poetics. Princeton.
Fenik, B. 1968. Typical Battle Scenes in the Iliad: Studies in the Narrative Techniques of Homeric Battle Description. Hermes Einzelschriften, Heft 21. Wiesbaden.
Finkelberg, M. 1986. “Is ΚλΕΟΣ ΑΦΘΙΤΟΝ a Homeric Formula?” Classical Quarterly n.s. 36:1-5.
Finnegan, R. 1977. Oral Poetry: Its Nature, Significance, and Social Context. Cambridge.
Foley, H. P. 1978. “‘Reverse Similes’ and Sex Roles in the Odyssey.” Arethusa 2:7-26.
———. 1995. “Penelope as Moral Agent.” In The Distaff Side, ed. B. Cohen, 93‑115. New York.
Foley, J. M. 1985. Oral-Formulaic Theory and Research: An Introduction and Annotated Bibliography. New York.
———. 1991. Immanent Art. Bloomington.
———. 1999. Homer’s Traditional Art. University Park.
Fournier, H. 1946. “Formules homériques de référence avec verbe ‘dire’.” Revue de Philologie 20:29-68.
Friedrich, R. 2002. “‘Flaubertian Homer’: The Phrase Juste in Homeric Diction.” Arion 10:1-13.
Genette, G. 1980. Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method. Trans. J. E. Lewin. Ithaca.
Goffman, E. 1981. Forms of Talk. Philadelphia.
Graziosi, B. 2002. Inventing Homer: The Early Reception of Epic. Cambridge.
Griffin, J. 1980. Homer on Life and Death. Oxford.
———. 1986. “Homeric Words and Speakers.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:36-57.
Gumperz, J. J. and D. Hymes, eds. 1972. Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication. New York.
Gunn, D. 1970. “Narrative Inconsistency and the Oral Dictated Text in the Homeric Epic.” American Journal of Philology 91:192-203.
———. 1971. “Thematic Composition and Homeric Authorship.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 75:1-31.
Hainsworth, J. B. 1968. The Flexibility of the Homeric Formula. Oxford.
———. 1978. “Good and Bad Formulae.” In Homer: Tradition and Invention, ed. B. Fenik, 41-50. Leiden.
———. 1993. The Iliad: A Commentary (Volume III: Books 9-12). Cambridge.
Harriott, R. 1962. “Aristophanes’ Audience and the Plays of Euripides.” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 9:1-8.
Heath, J. 2001. “Telemachus ΠΕΠΝΥΜΕΝΟΣ: Growing Into an Epithet.” Mnemosyne 54:129-157.
Heiden, B. 1998a. “The Placement of ‘Book Divisions’ in the Iliad.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 118:68-81.
———. 1998b. “The Simile of the Fugitive Homicide, Iliad 24.480-84: Analogy, Foiling, and Allusion.” American Journal of Philology 119:1-10.
Heubeck, A., S. West and J. Hainsworth. 1990a. A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey Volume I (Introduction and Books I-VIII). Oxford.
Heubeck, A. and A. Hoekstra. 1990b. A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey Volume II (Books IX-XVI). Oxford.
Higbie, C. 1990. Measure and Music: Enjambement and Sentence Structure in the Iliad. Oxford.
———. 1995. Heroes’ Names, Homeric Identities. New York.
Hoekstra, A. 1965. Homeric Modifications of Formulaic Prototypes. Amsterdam.
Holoka, J. P. 1973. “Homeric Originality: A Survey.” Classical World 66:257-293.
———. 1983. “‘Looking Darkly’ (ΥΠΟΔΡΑ ΙΔΩΝ): Reflections on Status and Decorum in Homer.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 113:1-16.
———. 1991. “Homer, Oral Poetry Theory, and Comparative Literature: Major Trends and Controversies in Twentieth-Century Criticism.” In Latacz 1991:456-481.
Hölscher, U. 1972. “Die Erkennungsszene im 23. Buch der Odyssee.” Reprinted in Homer: Die Dichtung und ihre Deutung, ed. J. Latacz, 1991:388-405. Darmstadt.
Hutchby, I. and R. Wooffitt. 1998. Conversation Analysis. Cambridge.
Janko, R. 1981. “Equivalent Formulae in the Greek Epos.” Mnemosyne 34:251‑264.
———. 1982. Homer, Hesiod, and the Hymns: Diachronic Development in Epic Diction. Cambridge.
Jaworski, A. and N. Coupland, eds. 1999. The Discourse Reader. New York.
Jensen, M. S. 1980. The Homeric Question and the Oral-Formulaic Theory. Copenhagen.
de Jong, I. J. F. 1985. “Fokalisation und die homerischen Gleichnisse.” Mnemosyne 38:257-280.
———. 1987a. Narrators and Focalizers: The Presentation of the Story in the Iliad. Amsterdam.
———. 1987b. “The Voice of Anonymity: tis-Speeches in the Iliad.” Eranos 85:69-84.
———. 2001. A Narratological Commentary on the Odyssey. Cambridge.
Jucker, A. H., ed. 1995. Historical Pragmatics: Pragmatic Developments in the History of English. Amsterdam.
Kahane, A. 1994. The Interpretation of Order: A Study in the Poetics of Homeric Repetition. Oxford.
Kakridis, J. Th. 1949. Homeric Researches. Lund.
Katz, M. A. 1991. Penelope’s Renown: Meaning and Indeterminacy in the Odyssey. Princeton.
Kirk, G. S. 1962. The Songs of Homer. Cambridge.
———. 1985. The Iliad: A Commentary (Volume I: Books 1-4). Cambridge.
———. 1990. The Iliad: A Commentary (Volume II: Books 5-8). Cambridge.
Krarup, P. 1941. “Beobachtungen zur Typik und Technik einiger homerischer Gesprächsformeln.” Classica et mediaevalia 4:230-247.
Kress, G. and T. van Leeuwen. 1999. “Representation and Interaction: Designing the Position of the Viewer.” In Jaworski and Coupland 1999:377-404.
Krischer, T. 1971. Formale Konventionen der homerischen Epik. Munich.
Kullmann, W. 1960. Die Quellen der Ilias. Wiesbaden.
———. 1984. “Oral Poetry Theory and Neoanalysis in Homeric Research.” Reprinted in Homer: Critical Assessments Vol. 1, The Creation of the Poems, ed. I. J. F. de Jong, 1999:145-160. London.
———. 1991. “Ergebnisse der motivgeschichtlichen Forschung zu Homer (Neoanalyse).” In Latacz 1991:425-455.
Laird, A. 1999. Powers of Expression, Expressions of Power: Speech Presentation and Latin Literature. Oxford.
Lang, M. 1989. “Unreal Conditions in Homeric Narrative.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 30:5-26.
Latacz, J. 1968. “ἄπτερος μῦθος—ἄπτερος φάτις: ungeflügetle Worte?” Glotta 46:27-47.
———, ed. 1991. Zweihundert Jahre Homer-Forschung: Rückblick und Ausblick. Stuttgart.
Lateiner, D. 1995. Sardonic Smile: Nonverbal Behavior in Homeric Epic. Ann Arbor.
Lattimore, R., trans. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago.
———. 1965. The Odyssey of Homer. New York.
Lesky, A. 1968. “Homeros.” In Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft Supplementum Vol. XI, ed. K. Ziegler, 687-845. Stuttgart.
Létoublon, F. 1999. “Epea Pteroenta (‘Winged Words’).” Oral Tradition 14/2: 321‑335.
Levine, D. B. 1984. “Odysseus’ Smiles: Odyssey 20.301, 22.371, 23.111.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 114:1-9.
Levinson, S. C. 1983. Pragmatics. Cambridge.
———. 1992. “Activity Types and Language.” In Drew and Heritage 1992:66-100.
Lloyd, M. 2004. “The Politeness of Achilles: Off-Record Conversation Strategies in Homer and the Meaning of Kertomia.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:75-89.
Lohmann, D. 1970. Die Komposition der Reden in der Ilias. Berlin.
Lord, A. B. 1960. The Singer of Tales. Harvard Studies in Comparative Literature 24. Cambridge, MA.
Lord, A. B. and D. E. Bynum, trans. 1974. Serbo-Croatian Heroic Songs Collected by Milman Parry. Vol. 3, The wedding of Smailagic’ Meho, Avdo Mededovic’. Cambridge, MA.
Louden, B. 1993. “Pivotal Contrafactuals in Homeric Epic.” Classical Antiquity 12:181-198.
———. 1999. The Odyssey: Structure, Narration, and Meaning. Baltimore.
McGlew, J. F. 1989. “Royal Power and the Achaean Assembly at Iliad 2.84-393.” Classical Antiquity 8:283-295.
Machacek, G. 1994. “The Occasional Contextual Appropriateness of Formulaic Diction in the Homeric Poems.” American Journal of Philology 115:321-335.
Mackay, A. 1996. “Time and Timelessness in the Traditions of Early Greek Oral Poetry and Archaic Vase-Painting.” In Voice Into Text: Orality and Literacy in Ancient Greece, ed. I. Worthington, 43-58. Leiden.
Mackie, H. 1996. Talking Trojan: Speech and Community in the Iliad. Lanham.
Maquiso, E. G. 1977. Ulahingan: An Epic of the Southern Philippines. Dumaguete City.
Martin, R. P. 1989. The Language of Heroes: Speech and Performance in the Iliad. Ithaca.
Miller, C. L. 1996. The Presentation of Speech in Biblical Hebrew Narrative. Atlanta.
Minchin, E. 2001. Homer and the Resources of Memory: Some Applications of Cognitive Theory to the Iliad and the Odyssey. Oxford.
Morris, I. 1986. “The Use and Abuse of Homer.” Classical Antiquity 5:81-138.
Morris, I. and B. Powell, eds. 1997. A New Companion to Homer. Leiden.
Moulton, C. 1977. Similes in the Homeric Poems. Hypomnemata 49. Göttingen.
Muellner, L. C. 1976. The Meaning of Homeric EYXOMAI Through its Formulas. Innsbrucker Beträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 13. Innsbruck.
Murnaghan, S. 1987. Disguise and Recognition in the Odyssey. Princeton.
Nagler, M. N. 1967. “Towards a Generative View of the Oral Formula.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 98:269-311.
———. 1974. Spontaneity and Tradition: A Study in the Oral Art of Homer. Berkeley.
Nagy, G. 1974. Comparative Studies in Greek and Indic Meter. Harvard Studies in Comparative Literature 33. Cambridge, MA.
———. 1979. The Best of the Achaeans. Baltimore.
———. 1992. “Homeric Questions.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 122:17-60.
———. 1996. Homeric Questions. Austin.
Niles, J. D. 1999. Homo Narrans: The Poetics And Anthropology Of Oral Literature. Philadelphia.
Olson, S. D. 1994. “Equivalent Speech-Introduction Formulae in the Iliad.” Mnemosyne 47:145-151.
———. 1995. Blood and Iron: Stories and Storytelling in Homer’s Odyssey. Mnemosyne Supp. 145. Leiden.
Page, D. 1955. The Homeric Odyssey. Oxford.
———. 1966. History and the Homeric Iliad. Berkeley.
Parks, W. 1990. Verbal Dueling in Heroic Narrative: The Homeric and Old English Traditions. Princeton.
Parry, M. 1987. The Making of Homeric Verse: The Collected Papers of Milman Parry. Ed. A. Parry. Oxford.
Podlecki, A. J. 1971. “Some Odyssean Similes.” Greece & Rome 18:81-90.
Pope, M. W. M. 1960. “Athena’s Development in Homeric Epic.” American Journal of Philology 81:113-135.
Redfield, J. M. 1994. Nature and Culture in the Iliad: The Tragedy of Hector. Durham.
Reece, S. 1993. The Stranger’s Welcome: Oral Theory and the Aesthetics of the Homeric Hospitality Scene. Ann Arbor.
———. 1994. “The Cretan Odyssey: A Lie Truer than Truth.” American Journal of Philology 115:157-173.
Reinhardt, K. 1961. Die Ilias und ihr Dichter. Ed. U. Hölscher. Göttingen.
Richardson, N. 1993. The Iliad: A Commentary (Volume VI: Books 21-24). Cambridge.
Richardson, S. 1990. The Homeric Narrator. Nashville.
Riggsby, A. M. 1992. “Homeric Speech Introductions and the Theory of Homeric Composition.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 122:99-114.
Rimmon-Kenan, S. 1983. Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics. London.
Russo, J. A. 1968. “Homer Against His Tradition.” Arion 7:275-295.
———. 1994. “Homer’s Style: Nonformulaic Features of an Oral Aesthetic.” Oral Tradition 9/2:371-389.
———. 1997. “The Formula.” In Morris and Powell 1997:238-260.
Russo, J., M. Fernandez-Galiano and A. Heubeck. 1992. A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey Volume III (Books XVII-XXIV). Oxford.
Sacks, H. 1992. Lectures on Conversation I, II. Ed. G. Jefferson. Oxford.
Sacks, H., E. A. Schegloff, and G. Jefferson. 1974. “A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation.” Language 50:696-735.
Schadewaldt, W. 1959. Von Homers Welt und Werk. 3rd ed. Stuttgart.
———. 1966. Neue Kriterien zur Odyssee-Analyse: Die Wiedererkennung des Odysseus und der Penelope. 2nd ed. Heidelberg.
Schmitt, R. 1967. Dichtung und Dichtersprache in indogermanischer Zeit. Wiesbaden.
Scott, W. C. 1974. The Oral Nature of the Homeric Simile. Leiden.
———. 1997. “The Etiquette of Games in Iliad 23.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 38:213-227.
Scully, S. 1984. “The Language of Achilles: The ΟΧΘΗΣΑΣ Formulas.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 114:11-27.
Searle, J. 1992. “Conversation.” In (On) Searle on Conversation, ed. J. Searle et al., 7-29. Amsterdam.
Segal, C. 1971. “Andromache’s Anagnorisis: Formulaic Artistry in Iliad 22.437‑476.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 75:33-57.
Shay, J. 1994. Achilles in Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character. New York.
Silverman, D. 1998. Harvey Sacks: Social Science and Conversation Analysis. New York.
Stanley, K. 1993. The Shield of Homer. Princeton.
Strasser, F. X. 1984. Zu den Iterata der frühgriechischen Epik. Königstein.
Taplin, O. 1992. Homeric Soundings. Oxford.
Viechnicki, P. 1994. “ἀμείβω: An Interdisciplinary Etymology.” Journal of Indo‑European Studies 22:113-132.
Visser, E. 1988. “Formulae or Single Words? Towards a New Theory of Homeric Verse-Making.” Würzburger Jahrbücher für die Altertumsvissenschaft neue Folge 14:21-37.
Watkins, C. 1995. How to Kill a Dragon: Aspects of Indo-European Poetics. Oxford.
West, M. L., ed. 1997. Hesiod’s Theogony. 2nd ed. Oxford.
———. 1990. “Archaische Heldendichtung: Singen und Schreiben.” In Der Übergang von der Mündlichkeit zur Literatur bei den Greichen, ed. W. Kullmann and M. Reichel, 33-50. Tübigen.
West, S. 1989. “Laertes Revisited.” Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society n.s. 35:113-143.
Whallon, W. 1961. “The Homeric Epithets.” Yale Classical Studies 17:97-142.
Whitman, C. H. 1958. Homer and the Heroic Tradition. Cambridge.
Wilamowitz, U. 1916. Die Ilias und Homer. Berlin.
Wright, G. and P. Jones, trans. 1997. Homer: German Scholarship in Translation. Oxford.