Sandridge, Norman B. 2012. Loving Humanity, Learning, and Being Honored: The Foundations of Leadership in Xenophon's Education of Cyrus. Hellenic Studies Series 55. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_SandridgeN.Loving_Humanity_Learning_and_Being_Honored.2012.
Chapter 6. Three Problems with Wanting To Be Honored
Risking It All—Carefully
Pursuing the Right Honors
In effect, Cyrus construes the act of receiving material honors (e.g. prizes, wealth, property) as a love of gain. By refusing them, he is able to achieve an even higher (mental) honor in the form of the esteem and gratitude of his followers. This principle is also captured well by the Sacian soldier who wins at the horserace in Babylon but will not take a kingdom for his horse; rather he would like the opportunity to “invest in the gratitude (charis) of a good man” (8.3.26).