Porter, Andrew. 2019. Agamemnon, the Pathetic Despot: Reading Characterization in Homer. Hellenic Studies Series 78. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_PorterA.Agamemnon_the_Pathetic_Despot.2019.
Appendix. Colometry and Formulae
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2
Peabody’s particular scheme, based upon his research of Hesiod’s Works and Days, was praised by Albert Lord as representative of oral traditional composition in Greece (and of the Balkans).  Since Lord’s observations reflect extensive fieldwork and a thorough knowledge of Homer, it seems reasonable to suggest, as a general rule of thumb, that colometric analysis is closely representative of the tectonic structure and compositional patterns of the original singers who gave us early Greek epic poetry.  Understanding Homer’s language, then, involves the task of recognizing formulaic elements with the assistance of the natural cola of a line. While this approach is not always adequate, as Haslam (2003) has noted, and as anyone who works with the cola of the Homeric line can attest, it does very often indicate Homeric compositional units.
A1 B2 C1
And not in any way | does he know how to consider |at the same time | before and after
As we saw in Chapter 4, the poet employed this final colon formula to suggest significant implications for Agamemnon’s characterization for his core audience.  Cola commencement, bridging, and termini, often mark the beginning and completion of formulae (or formulaic systems).  In Iliad 1.148, we first noted the formulaic line: 
(“At him darkly looking, spoke swift-footed Achilleus”)
Here we saw the presence of a bridged A colon, with the formula τὸν δ’ ἄρ’ ὑπόδρα ἰδών (“At him darkly looking), ending at B1. As we noted there, the formula has implications as an idiom for Homer’s audience.