Loving Humanity, Learning, and Being Honored: The Foundations of Leadership in Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus

  Sandridge, Norman B. 2012. Loving Humanity, Learning, and Being Honored: The Foundations of Leadership in Xenophon's Education of Cyrus. Hellenic Studies Series 55. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_SandridgeN.Loving_Humanity_Learning_and_Being_Honored.2012.


Ambler, W., trans. 2001. The Education of Cyrus. Ithaca.

Anderson, J. K. 1974. Xenophon. London.

Azoulay, V. 2004a. “The Medo-Persian Ceremonial: Xenophon, Cyrus and the King’s Body.” In Tuplin 2004:147–17.

———. 2004b. Xénophon et les grâces du pouvoir. Paris.

———. 2004c. “Xénophon, la Cyropédie et les eunuques.” Revue française d’histoire des idées politiques 11:3–26.

Bartlett, R., ed. 1996. Xenophon’s Shorter Socratic Writings. Ithaca.

Bizos, M., ed. 2003. 1971–1978. Xénophon, Cyropédie. 5 vols. Paris.

Bonnette, A., ed. 1994. Xenophon’s Memorabilia. Ithaca.

Breebaart, A. 1983. “From Victory to Peace: Some Aspects of Cyrus’ State in Xenophon’s Cyrupaedia.” Mnemosyne 36:117–134.

Briant, P. 1996. From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Translated by P. T. Daniels. Winona Lake.

Bullough, V. L. 2002. “Eunuchs in History and Society.” In Tougher 2002:1–17.

Burian, P. 1974. “Suppliant and Savior: Oedipus at Colonus.” Phoenix 28:408–429.

Carlier, P. 1978. “The Idea of Imperial Monarch in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia.” In Gray 2010:327–366.

Cook, J. M. 1983. The Persian Empire. New York.

Curtis, J. and J. Simpson, eds. 2010. The World of Achaemenid Persia: History, Art and Society in Iran and the Ancient Near East. London.

Danzig, G. Forthcoming. “The Best of the Achaemenids: Benevolence, Self-interest and the ‘Ironic’ Reading of Cyropaedia.” In Hobden and Tuplin 2012.

———. 2009. “Big Boys and Little Boys: Justice and Law in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and Memorabilia.” In Gish and Ambler 2009:271–295.

———. 2003. “Did Plato Read Xenophon’s Cyropaedia?” Plato’s Laws: From Theory into Practice (eds. S. Scolinicov and L. Brisson) 286–297. Sankt Augustin.

Delebecque, É., ed. 1978. Xénophon, Cyropédie, Livres 6–8. Paris.

———. 1957. Essai sur la vie de Xénophon. Paris.

De Romilly, J. 1958. “Eunoia in Isocrates or the Political Importance of Creating Good Will.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 78:92–101.

De Ruiter, S. 1932. “De vocis quae est philanthropia significatione atque usu.” Mnemosyne 59:271–306.

Dillery, J. 1995. Xenophon and the History of His Times. London.

Dorion, L. 2010. “The Straussian Exegesis of Xenophon: The Paradigmatic Case of Memorabilia IV 4.” In Gray 2010:283–323.

Dover, K. J. 1974. Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle. Cambridge.

Drews, R. 1974. “Sargon, Cyrus and Mesopotamian Folk History.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 33.4:387–393.

Due, B. 1989. The Cyropaedia: Xenophon’s Aims and Methods. Aarhus.

Faber, J. 1979. “The Cyropaedia and Hellenistic Kingship.” American Journal of Philology 100:497–514.

Ferdowsi, A. 1997. Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings. Translated by D. Davis. New York.

Ferguson, J. 1958. Moral Values in the Ancient World. London.

Finkleberg, M. 1998. “Timê and Aretê in Homer.” Classical Quarterly 48.1:14–28.

Forster, E. S., ed. 1912. Isocrates’ Cyprian Orations. Oxford.

Friedrich, R. 1991. “The Hybris of Odysseus.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 111:16–28.

Gardener, J. 1990. On Leadership. New York.

Gera, D. L. 1993. Xenophon’s Cyropaedia. Oxford.

Gish, D. and W. Ambler, eds. 2009. The Political Thought of Xenophon. Exeter.

Goethels, G. and G. Sorenson, eds. 2006. The Quest for a General Theory of Leadership. Cheltenham.

Goodenough, E. R. 1928. “The Political Philosophy of Hellenistic Kingship.” Yale Classical Studies 1:55–102.

Gray, V. 1996. “Herodotus and the Images of Tyranny: The Tyrants of Corinth.” American Journal of Philology 117.3:361–389.

———. 2007. Xenophon on Government. Cambridge.

———, ed. 2010. Xenophon. Oxford.

———. 2011. Xenophon’s Mirror of Princes: Reading the Reflections. Oxford.

Hedrick, L., ed. 2006. Xenophon’s Cyrus the Great: The Arts of Leadership and War. New York.

Henderson, J., trans. 1988. Aristophanes’ Acharnians, Lysistrata, Clouds. Newburyport.

Hertlein, F. K., ed. 1886. Xenophons Cyropadie. Berlin.

Higgins, W. E. 1977. Xenophon the Athenian. Albany.

Hirsch, S. W. 1985. The Friendship of the Barbarians: Xenophon and the Persian Empire. Hanover.

Hobden, F. and C. J. Tuplin eds. Forthcoming. Xenophon: Ethical Principles and Historical Enquiry. Leiden.

Hutchinson, G. 2000. Xenophon and the Art of Command. London.

Jackson, D. F., ed. 2010. Xenophon’s Cyropaedia: A Late Byzantine Recension with Facing Page English Tranlsation. Lewiston.

Jaeger, W. 1942. Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture. 3 vols. New York.

Johnstone, S. 2010. “Virtuous Toil, Vicious Work: Xenophon on Aristocratic Style.” In Gray 2010:137–166.

Kent, R. J. 1953. Old Persian: Grammar, Texts, Lexicon. New Haven.

Konstan, D. 1997a. Friendship in the Classical World. Cambridge.

———. 1997b. “Friendship and Monarchy: Dio of Prusa’s Third Oration on Kingship.” Symbolae Osloenses 72:124–143.

Kouses, J. and B. Posner. 2007. The Leadership Challenge. San Francisco.

Kuhrt, A. 1984. “The Achaemenid Concept of Kingship.” Iran 22:156–160.

———. 2007. The Persian Empire: A Corpus of Sources from the Achaemenid Period. London.

Lefèvre, E. 1971. “The Question of ΒΙΟΣ ΕΥΔΑΙΜΩΝ: The Encounter Between Cyrus and Croesus in Xenophon.” In Grey 2010:401–417.

Lenfent, D. 2007. “Greek Historians of Persia.” In Marincola 2007:200–207.

Littman, R. J. 1970. “The Loves of Alcibiades.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 101:263–276.

Llewellyn-Jones, L. and J. Robson, eds. 2010. Ctesias’ History of Persia and Tales of the Orient. New York.

———. 2002. “Eunuchs and the Royal Harem in Achaemenid Persia (559–331 BC).” In Tougher 2002:19–49.

Lorenz, S. 1914. De progressu notionis φιλανθρωπίας. Leipzig.

Mallowan, M. 1972. “Cyrus the Great (558–529 B.C.).” Iran 10:1–17.

Marchant, E. C., trans. 1925. Xenophon’s Scripta Minora. Cambridge.

Marincola, J., ed. 2007. A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Oxford.

Martin, H. 1961. “The Concept of Philanthrôpia in Plutarch’s Lives.” American Journal of Philology 82.2:164–175.

Miller, M. C. 1997. Athens and Persia in the Fifth Century B.C. Cambridge.

Mueller-Goldingen, C. 1995. Untersuchengen zu Xenophons Kyrupädie. Stuttgart.

Nadon, C. 2001. Xenophon’s Prince. Berkeley.

———. 1996. “From Republic to Empire: Political Revolution and the Common Good in Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus.” American Political Science Review 90.2:361–374.

Newell, W. 1983. “Tyranny and the Science of Ruling in Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus.” Journal of Politics 45.4:889–906.

Nikolaidis, A. G. 1980. “A Note on the Relationship between Philanthropia and Humanitas.” Platon 63–66:350–355.

Pease, S. J. 1934. “Xenophon’s Cyropaedia, ‘The Complete General’.” Classical Journal 29:436–440.

Perry, B. E. 1967. The Ancient Romances: A Literary-Historical Account of Their Origins. Berkeley.

Pomeroy, S., ed. 1994. Xenophon’s Oeconomicus. Oxford.

Powell, J. F. G., ed. 1988. Cicero: Cato maior de senectute. Cambridge.

Poulakos, T. and D. Depew, eds. 2004. Isocrates and Civic Education. Austin.

Rasmussen, P. J. 2009. Excellence Unleashed: Machiavelli’s Critique of Xenophon and the Moral Foundation of Politics. Lanham.

Reeve, C. D. C. 1988. Philosopher-Kings: The Argument of Plato’s Republic. Princeton.

Reichel, M. 1995. “Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and the Hellenistic Novel.” In Gray 2010:418–438.

Reisert, J. 2009. “Ambition and Corruption in Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus.” In Gish and Ambler 2009:296–315.

Rhodes, P. J. 2011. Alcibiades: Athenian Playboy, General and Traitor. South Yorkshire.

Root, M. C. 1979. The King and Kingship in Achaemenid Art: Essays on the Creation of an Iconography of Empire. Leiden.

Sage, P. 1994. “Dying in Style: Xenophon’s Ideal Leader and the End of the Cyropaedia.” Classical Journal 90:161–174.

Sancisi-Weerdenburg, H., ed. 1987. Achaemenid History I: Sources, Structures, and Synthesis. Leiden.

———. 1985. “The Death of Cyrus: Xenophon’s Cyropaedia as a Source for Iranian History.” In Gray 2010:439–456.

Sandridge, N. 2008. “Feeling Vulnerable but Not Too Vulnerable: Pity in Sophocles Oedipus Coloneus, Ajax, and Philoctetes.” Classical Journal 103:433–448.

Skemp, J., ed. 1952. Plato’s Statesman. Bristol.

Stadter, P. 1991a. “Pericles Among the Intellectuals.” Illinois Classical Studies 16:111–124.

———. 1991b. “Fictional Narrative in the Cyropaedeia.” American Journal of Philology 112:461–491.

Tatum, J. 1989. Xenophon’s Imperial Fiction: On The Education of Cyrus. Princeton.

Tell, H. 2011. Plato’s Counterfeit Sophists. Hellenic Studies 44. Washington, DC.

Tougher, S., ed. 2002. Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond. London.

Tuplin, C., ed. 2004. Xenophon and His World. Stuttgart.

———, ed. 2007. Persian Responses: Political and Cultural Interaction with(in) the Achaemenid Empire. Oxford.

Weathers, W. 1954. “Xenophon’s Political Idealism.” Classical Journal 49:317–330.

Whitehead, D. 1983. “Competitive Outlay and Community Profit: Philotîmia in Democratic Athens.” Classica et Mediaevalia 34:55–74.

Wood, N. 1964. “Xenophon’s Theory of Leadership.” Classica et Mediaevalia 25:33–66.

Wulf, A. 2011. Founding Gardeners. New York.