Use the following persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_Benveniste.Indo-European_Language_and_Society.1973.
Chapter 7. Religion and Superstition
morari meque ab domuitione, tuo obsceno omine
The religiones of the seer Calchas, arising from an unfavorable omen, compel the army to stay where it is and the hero from returning home. We see that religio, a term of the augural language, denotes a “scruple relating to the omina,” that is to say a subjective frame of mind.
omnia quidquid inerit vera dicet?
We can now see the solution: superstitiosus is the one who is “endowed with the power of superstitio,” that is, “qui vera praedicat”, the seer who speaks of past events as if he had actually been present: the “divination” in these examples did not refer to the future but to the past. Superstitio is the gift of second sight which enables a person to know the past as if he or she had been present, superstes. This is how superstitiosus denotes the gift of second sight, which is attributed to “seers,” that of being a “witness” of events at which he has not been present.