Monsacré, Hélène. 2018. The Tears of Achilles. Trans. Nicholas J. Snead. Introduction by Richard P. Martin. Hellenic Studies Series 75. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_MonsacreH.The_Tears_of_Achilles.2018.
II.1. Women in the Epic
Women and Epic Values
The socio-political system
Requirements of a Virtuous Woman in the Epic
The place of women
Activities of women
Modesty and feminine love
The parentheses on the ramparts closes: Andromache returns to her proper place.
The same thing happens when she intervenes during the contest of the bow. Later in the epic, Telemachus again orders Penelope, in identical terms, to return to the house (21.350–353).  In both cases, she obeys, submitting to the authority of her son.
The toxicity of women
Helen’s seductiveness is irresistible, since all men (both Trojans and Greeks) are subject to its law. The only Achaean who seems clearly to condemn the importance granted to Helen is Achilles. But Achilles is a superior hero, a man concerned only with his glory. While his anger does erupt over Briseïs, he feels it less over the loss of a woman than over the dispossession of his honor. Compared to the death of Patroclus, having Briseïs by his side seems not to have any importance (Iliad 19.58–60).  For Achilles, war and friendship come ahead of love, even sincere love, for a woman. Is it not Helen, a woman whom Achilles calls “dreadful” (19.325), who ultimately causes the death of Patroclus? This radical rejection of Helen, whom all other men venerate, is unique in the Iliad. It is as if Achilles, the irresistible warrior, cannot bear for another figure to exercise power over men, though in her case it be by means of seduction, another irresistible attraction and subject worthy of song.