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III. Panhellenic Monuments of the Persian Wars in General
Herodotus 9.81 (The subject of this sentence which is given only in part here is “the Greeks.”): “Gathering the goods together and setting aside a tithe for the god in Delphi, from which the gilded tripod set upon the three-headed bronze snake near the altar was made . . . (For the remainder of this passage see nos. 26 and 27).”
The couplet the Lacedaemonians promptly erased from the tripod and inscribed on the dedication the names of the cities which had fought againbst the barbarian as dedicators of the offering.”
The suggestion that the cities were arranged in an order which indicated the leaders of their individual spheres of interest is, indeed, attractive. Meritt, Wade-Gery and McGregor (1939-1953) have used the serpent column to determine the charter members of the Delian confederacy.
The statue was dedicated from the booty of Plataea and one may naturally infer that it was a memorial for that battle like the Zeus at Olympia (no. 26) and the tripod for Apollo at Delphi (no. 25). Since a list of the cities that took part in the entire war was later inscribed on these two dedications, they are doubtless meant to commemoratre the entire war and not merely the battle of Plataea alone. The bronze statue of Poseidon must likewise be so considered, as it was a part of the original Panhellenic dedication. There is no evidence that it, too, bore a list of cities, although this is suggested by How and Wells (1912,2: 324). The statue is not extant.