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XI. Athenian Monuments of Salamis
The trophy for the battle of Salamis is attested by Pausanias and Plutarch. It was set up on Salamis and bu Pausanias’ time it must have been rebuilt in stone. According to an inscription of Hellenistic date (IG 2/32 1028 of 100/99 B. C.), Athenian ephebes were accustomed on occasion to row to the island and make sacrifices to Zeus Tropaios (cf. Rouse 1907: 99).
A trophy for the land battle on Psyttaleia, which took place during the naval battle in the Salamis strait (Hdt. 8.95), is not attested elsewhere. Pausanias mentions a trophy on Salamis (no. 52) but none on Psyttaleia. His failure to mention it may suggest that it was not rebuilt in stone, although Plutarch implies that one was preserved there at least until his time (tropaion hesteken). Pausanias, however, was selective as to the monuments and topographical features he chose to mention (cf. 1.39.3) and it was quite customary for a Greek army to set up a trophy for victory.
Panaenus’ painting at Olympia of Greece and Salamis, the latter holding the ornament of a ship’s beak, is one of a group of nine. The remaining eight paintings of various mythological subjects were probably not related to that of Greece and Salamis.
The sanctuary for the hero Cychreus on Salamis is attested only in this passage by Pausanias, but there is other evidence that Cychreus was worshipped at Athens (cf. Plut., Theseus 10; Solon 10). The sanctuary on Salamis may have been there before the battle, since Cychreus was an old local hero of the island. He appeared at Salamis as other heroes appeared at Marathon. Yet Pausanias apparently connects the worship of Cychreus by the Athenians with the battle. For the honoring of other local heroes of Salamis see no. 28 and Hdt. 8.64,83-84.
The stone is a small fragment mentioned in the notes of J. Kirchner among the collection of the Library of Hadrian in Athens. It attracted the attention of Peek, who was furnished a description of the stone by E. Vanderpool (Peek 1953: 306). Peek claimed that a victory epigram for Salamis and Platae, unknown in the literary tradition, had now been found.