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XII. Athenian Monuments of Plataea
Plutarch’s notice of two trophies for the battle of Plataea apparently contradictss the information of Pausanias (9.2.6), who speaks of a single trophy. For a possible explanation see no. 32.
A great quantity of the spoils of battle came into the hands of the Greeks after the battle of Plataea (Hdt. 9.80) and had doubtless come into the hands of the Athenians after Marathon, although the booty of the earlier battle was perhaps not so spectacular as that of the latter. The Persian spoils kept on the Acropolis were included by Pericles in his account of the wealth of the Athenian state at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war (Thus. 2.13.4).
The Odeum or Music Hall of Pericles was said to have been made in imitation of the tent of Xerxes, with the mastrs and timbers of Persian ships used in support of the roof. The evidence for this is literary, but Plutrch should be reliable on this point (Pericles 13.5-6), since he apparently follows a fifth century source, the comedian Cratinus.
The excvations of the German Archaeological Institute at Olympia have recently brought to light a Persian helmet of bronze with an inscription indicating that it is a dedication to Zeus (cf. Kunze 1961 and Hood 1961-1962: 11; Schischilone 1963: 285; Rolley 1963: 231; and Knudsen 1964: 76). Clearly this is a dedication for one of the battles of the Persin wars but the particular battle is not specified. The Zeus of Olympia was a Panhellenic deity, however, and there are apparently no Athenian dedications to him for the battle of Marathon. The helmet may be a dedication for Plataea or, perhaps, a dedication after that battle for the victory over Persia in general, but this is not certain.
Shields taken as spoils from one of the battles of the Persian Wars had adorned the architraves of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. Early in the fourth century the temple was destroyed, either by fire or earthquake. Its rebuilding occupied the remainder of the century.