Monsacré, Hélène. 2018. The Tears of Achilles. Trans. Nicholas J. Snead. Introduction by Richard P. Martin. Hellenic Studies Series 75. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_MonsacreH.The_Tears_of_Achilles.2018.
I.2. Physical Evidence of the Hero
Beauty and the Skills of the Warrior
The Body Transformed by Courage
Under the sway of his fervor, the warrior is struck by a general trembling of the muscles. His strength increases, and his heart swells with lust for battle (13.74);  Menos makes him more agile (78). His limbs twitch; flooded by the desire to fight (75, 78),  his feet carry him forward (79). Sometimes, at the height of his rage, his teeth gnash,  and he foams at the mouth.  In all cases, the overflow of strength is clearly inscribed on the body and the face of the hero who is under its influence.
The Body Transformed by Fear
Armor: An Extension of the Body
Beyond even their extraordinary value (which can be religious or derived from their constituent precious metals), weapons embody above all the quality of the hero who carries them: they are “active” like the hero in battle, and the hero’s antagonist has to confront them as well to make it through the fight. For a hero, to kill an enemy and seize his weapons is a permanent mark of superiority. When one displays the weapons of the fallen, the latter is physically brought back to life—in his beauty, his size, his strength—demonstrating how the victor has triumphed over him: “And the one indisputable measure of success is a trophy.”