Luraghi, Nino, and Susan E. Alcock, eds. 2003. Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Hellenic Studies Series 4. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_LuraghiN_AlcockS_eds.Helots_and_Their_Masters.2003.
Chapter 5. The imaginary conquest of the Helots
1. Tyrtaeus and the Spartan conquest of Messene
2. Seen from the West: Antiochus of Syracuse on Helotry
3. The conquest of the Helots: emergence of a vulgata
The text of the entry is somewhat confusing, to say the least. The sentence “the first among the inhabitants of Helos to be enslaved” should most probably be taken to mean that the inhabitants of Helos, once enslaved, became the first Helots, as suggested also by the description of the Helots as “slaves but not by birth,” which of course is pure nonsense if applied to the Helots in general and can only be referred to the “first generation” of Helots. It is also possible, but much less likely, that the expression “the first inhabitants of Helos” was meant to differentiate them from people, perioikoi or Eleutherolakonians, who lived in Helos in later times.  It is difficult to say in which of his many works Hellanicus might have had a reason to discuss the origins of Helotry. The fact that he is quoted together with unspecified many others suggests that somewhere behind our garbled entry there was some fuller text, in which perhaps authors were listed who supported this view of the meaning of the name “Helots.” Very probably only the name of Hellanicus has survived because he was the first of the list, that is, the oldest. The one thing that can be said for sure is that this passage implies that the name Helots derives from Helos, in southern Lakonia, and that this idea existed in the second half of the fifth century.
4. “Old Messenians” or new Messenians?
5. Systematizing the past: Ephorus and Theopompus
6. Pausanias’ views on Helots and Messenians
7. The war on the Helots: a Spartan tradition?