Kosmos Society Core Vocab: ekhthros

The CHS Kosmos Society editorial team looks at the Core Vocab word ekhthros [ἐχθρός], taken from terms in H24H[1] and the associated Sourcebook,[2] and glossed by Gregory Nagy as ‘enemy [within the community], non-philos.
The plural form is ekhthroi; and the associated noun is ekhthra or ekhthos ‘hatred, enmity’.
There is a difference between an ekhthros who is a personal enemy, and a polemos or polemoi in the plural, a collective enemy, an opposing force in war.
In exploring this word, the Kosmos editorial team shares a number of passages from the Sourcebook and other “heroized” texts in Kosmos Society’s Text Library, as well as from this month’s Book Club selection, Sophocles Ajax, where ekhthros appears several times, and it might be considered one of the key words for this drama.
Continue reading on the CHS Kosmos Society website.

Jastrow (photo) Taleides Painter: Dispute between Ajax and Odysseus for Achilles’ armor. Attic black-figure oinochoe, circa 520BCE. Kalos inscription. Louvre Museum. Public domain.

[1] Nagy, Gregory. 2013. The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013. (H24H)
[2] Sourcebook: The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours Sourcebook of Original Greek Texts Translated into English, Gregory Nagy, General Editor.