Chapter 3. Callicles’ Quotation of Pindar in the Gorgias
θνατῶν τε καὶ ἀθανάτων ·
ὑπερτάτᾳ χειρί· τεκμαίρομαι
ἔργοισιν Ἡρακλέος, ἐπεί—ἀπριάτας—
Of mortals and immortals alike,
With victorious hand; this I prove
By the deeds of Herakles, for without paying the price—
This interpretation of the significance of νόμος in Pindar fr. 169a takes into account the inherent paradoxical nature of the term. The paradox arises out of its applicability to both gods and men. I agree with Crotty’s view to the extent that I think that Pindar himself finds νόμος an ambiguous notion, since it refers to both ‘divine law’ and ‘social usage’.  If a common denominator in the two proposed meanings of νόμος is sought, then another interpretation is possible.
This difficult passage from Libanius’ Apology, which presents a fictitious account of the trial of Socrates, says that Anytus brought up the subject of Pindar (περὶ Πινδάρου διαλέγεται) in his accusation against Socrates. Libanius has Anytus fear Pindar’s teaching (διδαχήν), supposedly spread by Socrates, which would inspire young men to ‘violate justice’ and disregard established laws. However, Anytus fails in his indictment of Socrates because he ‘dared to alter Pindar’s words’ (ἐτόλμησε μεταγράψαι τὸ τοῦ ποιητοῦ). Socrates ‘sees beneath’ (ὑφορᾶται) Anytus’ ploy. By changing Pindar’s meaning, Anytus manages unwittingly to help Socrates’ cause and to speak against Pindar.