Compton, Todd M. 2006. Victim of the Muses: Poet as Scapegoat, Warrior and Hero in Greco-Roman and Indo-European Myth and History. Hellenic Studies Series 11. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies. http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hul.ebook:CHS_Compton.Victim_of_the_Muses.2006.
Chapter 11. Tyrtaeus: The Lame General
Tyrtaeus is later crucial in persuading (metepeithen) the Spartans not to give up the war after the battle of the Boar’s Tomb, by “reciting his poems” (elegeia aidōn) and bringing helots into the Spartan army (4.16.6).
ἀργαλέωι δὲ πόθωι πᾶσα κέκηδε πόλις,
καὶ τύμβος καὶ παῖδες ἐν ἀνθρώποις ἀρίσημοι
καὶ παίδων παῖδες καὶ γένος ἐξοπίσω·
οὐδέ ποτε κλέος ἐσθλὸν ἀπόλλυται οὐδ’ ὄνομ’ αὐτοῦ,
ἀλλ’ ὑπὸ γῆς περ ἐὼν γίνεται ἀθάνατος,
ὅντιν’ ἀριστεύοντα μένοντά τε μαρνάμενόν τε
γῆς πέρι καὶ παίδων θοῦρος Ἄρης ὀλέσηι.
They lament him, young and old alike,
and the whole city mourns him with bitter longing,
and his tomb and his children are famous among men,
and his children’s children and his descendants thereafter.
Neither does his noble fame [kleos] or his name ever perish,
but even though he is beneath the earth he becomes immortal [athanatos]—
whoever distinguishes himself in bravery by standing stead-fast and fighting
for the sake of his land and children, and is destroyed by furious Ares.
This passage contains many details that could be easily linked to hero cult: polis-wide lamentation; emphasis on the tomb; immortality “even though he is beneath the earth.” All this because he has sacrificed himself on behalf of his land and children.